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News articles about "Material"

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Physicists bind single-atom sheets with the same force geckos use to climb walls

Physicists at the University of Kansas have fabricated an innovative substance from two different atomic sheets that interlock much like Lego toy bricks The researchers said the new material made of a layer of graphene ... - Read More

Researchers develop efficient method to produce nanoporous metals

Nanoporous metals foam like materials that have some degree of air vacuum in their structure have a wide range of applications because of their superior qualities They posses a high surface area for better electron ... - Read More

Scientists do glass a solid, with new theory on how it transitions from a liquid

How does glass transition from a liquid to its familiar solid state How does this common material transport heat and sound And what microscopic changes occur when a glass gains rigidity as it cools A ... - Read More

Physicists and chemists work to improve digital memory technology

The improvements in random access memory that have driven many advances of the digital age owe much to the innovative application of physics and chemistry at the atomic scale Accordingly a team led by UNL ... - Read More

Breakthrough in flexible electronics enabled by inorganic-based laser lift-off

A research team led by Prof Keon Jae Lee of KAIST provides an easier methodology to realize high performance flexible electronics by using the Inorganic based Laser Lift off ILLO which enables nanoscale processes for ... - Read More

Ultrafast, low-cost DNA sequencing technology a step closer to reality

A team of scientists from Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute and IBM's T J Watson Research Center have developed a prototype DNA reader that could make whole genome profiling an everyday practice in medicine Our ... - Read More

An inside job: Designer nanoparticles infiltrate, kill cancer cells from within

UC nanoparticle designs target and treat early stage cancer cells by killing those cells with heat delivered from inside the cell itself Normal cells are thus left unaffected by the treatment regimen Conventional treatment seeks ... - Read More

Scientists Get to the Heart of Fool's Gold as a Solar Material

could be 1 000 times thinner than silicon and still efficiently absorb sunlight Like silicon iron and sulfur are common elements in the Earth's crust so solar cells made of iron pyrite could have a ... - Read More

Electronic 'Tongue' to Ensure Food Quality

Released 12 Nov 2014 9 05 AM ESTSource Newsroom American Chemical Society ACS more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Applied Materials & amp InterfacesNov 13 2014 An ... - Read More

Thermomagnetic processing method provides path to new materials

For much the same reason LCD televisions offer eye popping performance a thermomagnetic processing method developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory can advance the performance of polymers Polymers are used in ... - Read More

New techniques to control cork stoppers

Researchers at UPM INIA CIFRO and the Universidad de Córdoba have shown that the application of infrared spectroscopy techniques can enhance the control of parameters that determine the cork performance in a bottle A team ... - Read More

Better bomb-sniffing technology

University of Utah engineers have developed a new type of carbon nanotube material for handheld sensors that will be quicker and better at sniffing out explosives deadly gases and illegal drugs A carbon nanotube is ... - Read More

Outsmarting thermodynamics in self-assembly of nanostructures

If you can uniformly break the symmetry of nanorod pairs in a colloidal solution you're a step ahead of the game toward achieving new and exciting metamaterial properties But traditional thermodynamic driven colloidal assembly of ... - Read More

Chemists gain edge in next-gen energy: Flexible film can catalyze production of hydrogen

Rice University scientists who want to gain an edge in energy production and storage report they have found it in molybdenum disulfide The Rice lab of chemist James Tour has turned molybdenum disulfide's two dimensional ... - Read More

Combining 'Tinkertoy' materials with solar cells for increased photovoltaic efficiency

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have received a $1.2 million award from the U S Department of Energy's SunShot Initiative to develop a technique that they believe will significantly improve the efficiencies of photovoltaic materials ... - Read More

New process transforms wood, crop waste into valuable chemicals

Scientists have disclosed a new method to convert lignin a biomass waste product into simple chemicals The innovation is an important step toward replacing petroleum based fuels and chemicals with biorenewable materials says Shannon Stahl ... - Read More

Nanotubes could serve as 'universal scaffolding' for cell membrane channels

A study in which the Membrane Nanomechanics group led by the Ikerbasque lecturer Dr Vadim Frolov at the Biophysics Unit of the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has participated suggests that single wall ... - Read More

3-D printing incorporates quasicrystals for stronger manufacturing products

Researchers at the University of Lorraine in France say that quasicrystals a type of complex metal alloy with crystal like properties can be useful in the design of new composite materials Automotive aerospace and machinery ... - Read More
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