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News articles about "Marine biology"

Seeing the forest for the trees: Youngest trees in a forest tell the biggest story

The largest trees in a forest may command the most attention but the smallest seedlings and youngest saplings are the ones that are most critical to the composition and diversity of the forest overall While ... - Read More

CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion

Coral reefs persist in a balance between reef construction and reef breakdown As corals grow they construct the complex calcium carbonate framework that provides habitat for fish and other reef organisms Simultaneously bioeroders such as ... - Read More

Ancient Arctic sharks tolerated brackish water 50 million years ago

Sharks were a tolerant bunch some 50 million years ago cruising an Arctic Ocean that contained about the same percentage of freshwater as Louisiana's Lake Ponchatrain does today says a new study involving the University ... - Read More

Submarine: 'Virtual periscope' sees above-surface/airborne objects from underwater view

Up periscope may become a submarine commander's outdated order thanks to a team of Technion Israel Institute of Technology researchers who have developed a new technology for viewing objects above the water's surface without a ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Breakthrough for biofuel production from tiny marine algae

marine, algae, Marine, algae
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have developed a method for greatly enhancing biofuel production in tiny marine algae As reported in this week's online edition of the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Impacts of plant invasions become less robust over time: Invasive plants are more likely to be replaced by other 'invasives'

Time
Among the most impressive ecological findings of the past 25 years is the ability of invasive plants to radically change ecosystem function Yet few if any studies have examined whether ecosystem impacts of invasions persist ... - Read More

Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification

sea
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures ... - Read More

Abundance and distribution of Hawaiian coral species predicted by model

marine, Marine
Researchers from the University of Hawaii Manoa UHM School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology SOEST developed species distribution models of the six dominant Hawaiian coral species around the main Hawaiian Islands including two ... - Read More

Insights into deadly coral bleaching could help preserve reefs: Surprising result from study of 1893 World's Fair corals

Light, Light
Coral reefs are stressed the world over and could be in mortal danger because of climate change But why do some corals die and others not even when exposed to the same environmental conditions Share ... - Read More

New understanding of rare white shark movement around Hawai'i

Waters
A study just published in the Journal of Marine Biology sheds new light on the relatively rare but occasionally recorded presence of white sharks in waters surrounding the Hawaiian Islands and suggests a new method ... - Read More

Ocean's future not so bleak? Resilience found in shelled plants exposed to ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
Marine scientists have long understood the detrimental effect of fossil fuel emissions on marine ecosystems But a group led by a UC Santa Barbara professor has found a point of resilience in a microscopic shelled ... - Read More

Ocean nutrients a key component of future change, say scientists

Ocean, Ocean
Variations in nutrient availability in the world's oceans could be a vital component of future environmental change according to a multi author review paper involving the National Oceanography Centre Southampton NOCS Share This See Also ... - Read More

Spring rains bring life to Midwest granaries but foster Gulf of Mexico 'Dead Zone'

Water, Water, Water
algae in the Gulf The algae bloom and eventually die and decay removing oxygen from the water The result is water too oxygen depleted to support life ” An oceanographer and executive director of the ... - Read More

Surf's up: Turbulence tells sea urchins to settle down

sea
Tumbling in the waves as they hit a rocky shore tells purple sea urchin larvae it's time to settle down and look for a spot to grow into an adult researchers at the University of ... - Read More

Scientists seek sea urchin's secret to surviving ocean acidification

sea
Stanford scientists have discovered that some purple sea urchins living along the coast of California and Oregon have the surprising ability to rapidly evolve in acidic ocean water a capacity that may come in handy ... - Read More

Air pollution stunts coral growth

Pollution, Pollution
A new study has found that pollution from fine particles in the air mainly the result of burning coal or volcanic eruptions can shade corals from sunlight and cool the surrounding water resulting in reduced ... - Read More

Picking apart photosynthesis: New insights could lead to better catalysts for water splitting

Catalysts, Photosynthesis
Chemists at the California Institute of Technology Caltech and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory believe they can now explain one of the remaining mysteries of photosynthesis the chemical process by which plants convert sunlight into ... - Read More

How microbes survive at bare minimum: Archaea eat protein

Protein, Protein, protein
Beneath the ocean floor is a desolate place with no oxygen and sunlight Yet microbes have thrived in this environment for millions of years Share This See Also Global Warming Geochemistry Microorganism Prokaryote Humus Eukaryote ... - Read More

Lunar cycle determines hunting behavior of nocturnal gulls

Water, Water, Water
Zooplankton small fish and squid spend hardly any time at the surface when there's a full moon To protect themselves from their natural enemies they hide deeper down in the water on bright nights coming ... - Read More
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