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News articles about "Mantle"

Virginia Tech Researchers Explore Gigantic Volcanic Eruptions That Caused Worldwide Mass Extinctions

massive worldwide volcanic eruptions that created incredibly high volumes of lava and triggered environmental catastrophes and mass extinctions from 170 to 90 million years ago Heading the new research is Esteban Gazel an assistant professor ... - Read More

Chemistry Says Moon Is Proto-Earth's Mantle, Relocated

but two have been very influential ” In the original giant impact model the impact melted a part of the Earth and the entire impactor flinging some of the melt outward like clay from a ... - Read More

Ascent or no ascent? How hot material is stopped in Earth's mantle

Gigantic volumes of hot material rising from the deep earth's mantle to the base of the lithosphere have shaped the face of our planet Provided they have a sufficient volume they can lead to break ... - Read More

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

New transitory form of silica observed

A Carnegie led team was able to discover five new forms of silica under extreme pressures at room temperature Their findings are published by Nature Communications Silicon dioxide commonly called silica is one of the ... - Read More

Iron rain fell on early Earth, new Z machine data supports

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories' Z machine have helped untangle a long standing mystery of astrophysics why iron is found spattered throughout Earth's mantle the roughly 2 000 mile thick region between Earth's core and ... - Read More

No limit to life in sediment of ocean's deadest region

An international team of scientists led by a University of Rhode Island oceanographer has found oxygen and oxygen breathing microbes all the way through the sediment from the seafloor to the igneous basement at seven ... - Read More

Squeezing out new science from material interfaces

With more than five times the thermal conductivity of copper diamond is the ultimate heat spreader But the slow rate of heat flow into diamond from other materials limits its use in practice In particular ... - Read More

Snffing out origins of methane: instrument identifies methane's origins in mines, deep-sea vents, and cows

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas second only to carbon dioxide in its capacity to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere for a long time The gas can originate from lakes and swamps natural gas pipelines ... - Read More

Experimental 'short cut' reduces from millennia to minutes the time needed to measure glass viscosity

Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the MATGAS research centre the Universitá di Roma La Sapienza and the Politecnico di Milano have designed a method which indirectly measures the viscosity of glass something ... - Read More

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands

The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands at El Hierro in 2011 produced spectacularly enigmatic white floating rocks that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island An international team of ... - Read More

New research re-creates planet formation, super-Earths and giant planets in the laboratory

New laser driven compression experiments reproduce the conditions deep inside exotic super Earths and giant planet cores and the conditions during the violent birth of Earth like planets documenting the material properties that determined planet ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

Earth's most abundant mineral finally has a name

An ancient meteorite and high energy X rays have helped scientists conclude a half century of effort to find identify and characterize a mineral that makes up 38 percent of the Earth And in doing ... - Read More

Deep-Earth carbon offers clues on origin of life: New organic carbon species linked to formation of diamonds -- and life itself

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet ... - Read More

Evidence for huge mountains that fed early life discovered

Scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least ... - Read More

Scientists find ancient mountains that fed early life

Scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least ... - Read More

Journey to the center of the Earth: Geochemist uses helium and lead isotopes to gain insight into makeup of planet’s deep interior

A UC Santa Barbara geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside the Earth Known as hotspots volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from ... - Read More

Understanding how mountains and rivers make life possible

Favorable conditions for life on Earth are enabled in part by the natural shuttling of carbon dioxide from the planet's atmosphere to its rocky interior and back again Now Stanford scientists have devised a pair ... - Read More
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