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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Mantle"

Experimental 'short cut' reduces from millennia to minutes the time needed to measure glass viscosity

Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the MATGAS research centre the Universitá di Roma La Sapienza and the Politecnico di Milano have designed a method which indirectly measures the viscosity of glass something ... - Read More

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands

The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands at El Hierro in 2011 produced spectacularly enigmatic white floating rocks that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island An international team of ... - Read More

New research re-creates planet formation, super-Earths and giant planets in the laboratory

New laser driven compression experiments reproduce the conditions deep inside exotic super Earths and giant planet cores and the conditions during the violent birth of Earth like planets documenting the material properties that determined planet ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

Earth's most abundant mineral finally has a name

An ancient meteorite and high energy X rays have helped scientists conclude a half century of effort to find identify and characterize a mineral that makes up 38 percent of the Earth And in doing ... - Read More

Deep-Earth carbon offers clues on origin of life: New organic carbon species linked to formation of diamonds -- and life itself

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet ... - Read More

Evidence for huge mountains that fed early life discovered

Scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least ... - Read More

Scientists find ancient mountains that fed early life

Scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least ... - Read More

Journey to the center of the Earth: Geochemist uses helium and lead isotopes to gain insight into makeup of planet’s deep interior

A UC Santa Barbara geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside the Earth Known as hotspots volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from ... - Read More

Understanding how mountains and rivers make life possible

Favorable conditions for life on Earth are enabled in part by the natural shuttling of carbon dioxide from the planet's atmosphere to its rocky interior and back again Now Stanford scientists have devised a pair ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More

Massive exoplanets may be more Earth-like than thought: 'Super-Earths' likely to have oceans, continents

Oceans
Massive terrestrial planets called super Earths are known to be common in our galaxy the Milky Way Now a Northwestern University astrophysicist and a University of Chicago geophysicist report the odds of these planets having ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

Probing methane's secrets: From diamonds to Neptune

Neptune
Hydrocarbons from Earth make up the oil and gas that heat our homes and fuel our cars The study of the various phases of molecules formed from carbon and hydrogen under high pressures and temperatures ... - Read More

Earth's core affects length of day

Earth, earth
Researchers studied the variations and fluctuations in the length of day over a one to 10 year period between 1962 and 2012 Research at the University of Liverpool has found that variations in the length ... - Read More

New 'embryonic' subduction zone found

Oceans
A new subduction zone forming off the coast of Portugal heralds the beginning of a cycle that will see the Atlantic Ocean close as continental Europe moves closer to America Published in Geology new research ... - Read More

Noble gases hitch a ride on hydrous minerals

Minerals, Minerals
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

Lava erupting on sea floor linked to deep-carbon cycle

sea
Scientists from the Smithsonian and the University of Rhode Island have found unsuspected linkages between the oxidation state of iron in volcanic rocks and variations in the chemistry of the deep Earth Not only do ... - Read More
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