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News articles about "Light"

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 mya

A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More

Emissions from forests influence very first stage of cloud formation

Clouds play a critical role in Earth's climate Clouds also are the largest source of uncertainty in present climate models according to the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Much of the ... - Read More

Growing camelina, safflower in the pacific northwest

on blowing dust emissions The Columbia Plateau of the Inland Pacific Northwest experiences significant windblown dust from excessively tilled agricultural lands Brenton Sharratt and William Schillinger found that adding camelina or safflower crops into a ... - Read More

Deformable mirror corrects errors

Very high power is needed to cut or weld using a laser beam But this creates its own problem the beam's energy deforms the mirrors that are focusing it to a point When this happens ... - Read More

Tricking the uncertainty principle: New measurement technique goes beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics

Caltech researchers have found a way to make measurements that go beyond the limits imposed by quantum physics Today we are capable of measuring the position of an object with unprecedented accuracy but quantum physics ... - Read More

Going beyond the surface: New tech could take light-based cancer treatment deep inside the body

Photodynamic therapy PDT is an effective treatment for easily accessible tumors such as oral and skin cancer But the procedure which uses lasers to activate special drugs called photosensitizing agents isn't adept at fighting cancer ... - Read More

Cameras and displays: Organic photodiodes for sensor applications

Powerful inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon based photodetectors They are used to improve light sensitivity in cameras and to check displays for homogeneous ... - Read More

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

Broadening the scope for synthesizing optically active compounds

Chiral compounds are increasingly important in chemical manufacturing They are distinguished by a special kind of asymmetry in their molecular structure Yutaka Ukaji and colleagues at Kanazawa University have now developed a method for desymmetrising ... - Read More

The promise of purple for enhanced bioimaging

Newly detected 'energy clustering' structures inside rare earth nanoparticles generate intense violet light which is ideal for studying photon induced transformations Labeling biomolecules with light emitting nanoparticles is a powerful technique for observing cell movement ... - Read More

Making it big: Metamaterial applications a step closer to reality

Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More

Exploring the magnetism of a single atom

Magnetic devices like hard drives magnetic random access memories MRAMs molecular magnets and quantum computers depend on the manipulation of magnetic properties In an atom magnetism arises from the spin and orbital momentum of its ... - Read More

Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light

University of Adelaide research may help in the fight against terrorism with the creation of a sensor that can detect tiny quantities of explosives with the use of light and special glass fibres Published in ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

New technology using fluorescent proteins tracks cancer cells circulating in blood

After cancer spreads finding and destroying malignant cells that circulate in the body is usually critical to patient survival Now researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Chemistry & amp Biology have developed a new ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

High-efficiency water treatment using light using a novel UV-light system

Many harmful substances in waste water stubbornly resist being broken down by biological waste water treatment plants Fraunhofer researchers have developed a photochemical reaction system in which water can be reliably treated at high flow ... - Read More

Luminescent nanocrystal tags enable rapid detection of multiple pathogens in a single test

A research team using tunable luminescent nanocrystals as tags to advance medical and security imaging have successfully applied them to high speed scanning technology and detected multiple viruses within minutes The research led by Macquarie ... - Read More

Revealing the healing of 'dino-sores': Examining broken bones in 150-million-year-old predatory dinosaur

Scientists have used state of the art imaging techniques to examine the cracks fractures and breaks in the bones of a 150 million year old predatory dinosaur The University of Manchester researchers say their groundbreaking ... - Read More
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