All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Light"

Cherenkov Effect improves radiation therapy for patients with cancer

The characteristic blue glow from a nuclear reactor is present in radiation therapy too Investigators from Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center led by Brian W Pogue PhD and PhD candidates Adam K Glaser and Rongxiao ... - Read More

Crude oil production: Asphaltene analysis takes a giant step

Rice University researchers have developed an easy and accurate technique to detect and quantify the amount of asphaltene precipitated from crude oils which bedevils the oil industry by clogging wells and flow lines Asphaltene is ... - Read More

Optical nanoantennas set the stage for a NEMS lab-on-a-chip revolution

Newly developed tiny antennas likened to spotlights on the nanoscale offer the potential to measure food safety identify pollutants in the air and even quickly diagnose and treat cancer according to the Australian scientists who ... - Read More

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms

Using ultracold atoms as a stand in for electrons a Rice University based team of physicists has simulated superconducting materials and made headway on a problem that's vexed physicists for nearly three decades The research ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanorod ensembles release heat differently

Researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have revealed previously unobserved behaviors that show how details of the transfer of heat at the nanoscale causes nanoparticles to change shape in ensembles ... - Read More

Direct observation of bond formations

A collaboration between researchers from KEK the Institute for Basic Science IBS the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology KAIST RIKEN and the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute JASRI used the SACLA X ray ... - Read More

New technique for making graphene competitor, molybdenum disulfide

Graphene a single atom thick lattice of carbon atoms is often touted as a replacement for silicon in electronic devices due to its extremely high conductivity and unbeatable thinness But graphene is not the only ... - Read More

Igniting the air for atmospheric research

Scientists from Vienna and Moscow have created a high energy mid infrared laser powerful enough to create shining filaments in the air Such devices could be used to detect chemical substances in the atmosphere It ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Interaction between light and sound in nanoscale waveguide

Scientists from Ghent University and imec announce today that they demonstrated interaction between light and sound in a nanoscale area Their findings elucidate the physics of light matter coupling at these scales and pave the ... - Read More

Potential new breathalyzer for lung cancer screening

Researchers from Chongqing University in China have developed a high sensitive fluorescence based sensor device that can rapidly identify cancer related volatile organic compounds biomarkers found exclusively in the exhaled breath of some people with ... - Read More

Material for efficient plasmonic devices in mid-infrared range

A research team led by North Carolina State University has identified and synthesized a material that can be used to create efficient plasmonic devices that respond to light in the mid infrared IR range This ... - Read More

Seeing through sparklers: What happens to heat-treated diamonds

Diamonds come in all colours with price tags to match ice white blue and pink attract high prices and stones with brown hues the least But now that brown diamonds can be heat treated to ... - Read More

Thames study: Rivers can be a major source antibiotic resistance

Rivers and streams could be a major source of antibiotic resistance in the environment The discovery comes following a study on the Thames river by scientists at the University of Warwick's School of Life Sciences ... - Read More

The future of electronics, now in 2-D

The future of electronics could lie in a material from its past as researchers from The Ohio State University work to turn germanium the material of 1940s transistors into a potential replacement for silicon At ... - Read More

Bacterial armor holds clues for self-assembling nanostructures

Imagine thousands of copies of a single protein organizing into a coat of chainmail armor that protects the wearer from harsh and ever changing environmental conditions That is the case for many microorganisms In a ... - Read More

First glimpse of a chemical bond being born

Scientists have used an X ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on ... - Read More

Distortions glimpsed in atomic structure of materials

Researchers from North Carolina State University are using a technique they developed to observe minute distortions in the atomic structure of complex materials shedding light on what causes these distortions and opening the door to ... - Read More

Transforming silver into any color of the rainbow: Silver-glass sandwich structure acts as inexpensive color filter

The engineering world just became even more colorful Northwestern University researchers have created a new technique that can transform silver into any color of the rainbow Their simple method is a fast low cost alternative ... - Read More

Switching superconductivity by light

A research team led by Prof Hiroshi M Yamamoto of the Institute for Molecular Science National Institutes of Natural Sciences has developed a novel superconducting transistor which can be switched reversibly between ON and OFF ... - Read More
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