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News articles about "Light"

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

Bees and other pollinating insects are just one factor in food production

Food, Food, Food
No food for the human race without bees It is not quite as straightforward as that A case study by ecologists from ETH Zurich in a coffee growing area in India reveals that pollinating insects ... - Read More

Giant planets offer help in faster research on material surfaces

Planets
New fast and accurate algorithm from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw based on the mathematical formalism used to model processes accompanying interaction of light with gas planet ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

Bringing cheaper, 'greener' lighting to market with inkjet-printed hybrid quantum dot LEDs

Quantum, Quantum
It's not easy going green For home lighting applications organic light emitting diodes OLEDs hold the promise of being both environmentally friendly and versatile Though not as efficient as regular light emitting diodes LEDs they ... - Read More

Quantum model helps solve mysteries of water

Quantum, Quantum
A research team from the National Physical Laboratory NPL the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center reveals a major breakthrough in the modelling of water that could shed light on its mysterious ... - Read More

Detecting disease with a smartphone accessory

System, System
As antiretroviral drugs that treat HIV have become more commonplace the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma a type of cancer linked to AIDS has decreased in the United States The disease however remains prevalent in sub ... - Read More

Metamaterials: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Organic chemistry: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Cool electron acceleration: Electron pulses from laser accelerator

Electron, Electron, Electron
Physicists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics produced electron pulses from a laser accelerator whose individual particles all have nearly the same tuneable energy Electrons with a velocity close to the speed of ... - Read More

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

Cool electron acceleration

Electron, Electron, Electron
Physicists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics produced electron pulses from a laser accelerator whose individual particles all have nearly the same tuneable energy Electrons with a velocity close to the speed of ... - Read More

Elevated carbon dioxide making arid regions greener

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Scientists have long suspected that a flourishing of green foliage around the globe observed since the early 1980s in satellite data springs at least in part from the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's ... - Read More

Klein tunneling: Coupled particles cross energy wall

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Model demonstrates that it is possible for two particles to cross an energy barrier together where a single particle could not For the first time a new kind of so called Klein tunnelling representing the ... - Read More

Brittle material toughened: Tungsten-fiber-reinforced tungsten

Material, Material
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of the vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma it being the metal with the highest melting point A disadvantage however is its brittleness which under ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal

tumor
Scientists at the University of California San Diego have designed tiny spherical particles to float easily through the bloodstream after injection then assemble into a durable scaffold within diseased tissue An enzyme produced by a ... - Read More

Models from big molecules captured in a flash

molecules, Flash
To learn how biological molecules like proteins function scientists must first understand their structures Almost as important is understanding how the structures change as molecules in the native state do their jobs Existing methods for ... - Read More

New analysis yields improvements in a classic 3-D imaging technique

Analysis
Research conducted at Curtin University in Perth has enabled significant increases in image quality in a widely used 3D printing technique that is more than 100 years old Anaglyph printing think of the red and ... - Read More
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