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News articles about "Light"

The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'

New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures Their work is the ... - Read More

How bird eggs get their bling

Splashy blue and green hues pop from under the glassy finish of the Tinamou species' bird relatives of ostriches rheas and emus eggs Pigments covered by a thin smooth cuticle reveal the mystery behind these ... - Read More

New way to diagnose brain damage from concussions, strokes, and dementia

New optical diagnostic technology developed at Tufts University School of Engineering promises new ways to identify and monitor brain damage resulting from traumatic injury stroke or vascular dementia in real time and without invasive procedures ... - Read More

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon

he entire semiconductor industry not to mention Silicon Valley is built on the propensity of electrons in silicon to get kicked out of their atomic shells and become free These mobile electrons are routed and ... - Read More

Nanoshaping method points to future manufacturing technology

A new method that creates large area patterns of three dimensional nanoshapes from metal sheets represents a potential manufacturing system to inexpensively mass produce innovations such as plasmonic metamaterials for advanced technologies The metamaterials have ... - Read More

Solid-state proteins maximize intensity of fluorescent-protein-based lasers

The same research team that developed the first laser based on a living cell has shown that use of fluorescent proteins in a solid form rather than in solution greatly increases the intensity of light ... - Read More

Organic electronics could lead to cheap, wearable medical sensors

Future fitness trackers could soon add blood oxygen levels to the list of vital signs measured with new technology developed by engineers at UC Berkeley There are various pulse oximeters already on the market that ... - Read More

'Smart windows' have potential to keep heat out and save energy

Windows allow brilliant natural light to stream into homes and buildings Along with light comes heat that in warm weather we often counter with energy consuming air conditioning Now scientists are developing a new kind ... - Read More

New way to plug 'leaky' light cavities demonstrated

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated a new and more efficient way to trap light using a phenomenon called bound states in the continuum BIC that was first proposed in the ... - Read More

New technique could harvest more of the sun's energy

As solar panels become less expensive and capable of generating more power solar energy is becoming a more commercially viable alternative source of electricity However the photovoltaic cells now used to turn sunlight into electricity ... - Read More

Composite materials can be designed in a supercomputer 'virtual lab'

UCL scientists have shown how advanced computer simulations can be used to design new composite materials Nanocomposites which are widely used in industry are revolutionary materials in which microscopic particles are dispersed through plastics But ... - Read More

World record for compact particle accelerator: Researchers ramp up energy of laser-plasma 'tabletop' accelerator

Using one of the most powerful lasers in the world researchers have accelerated subatomic particles to the highest energies ever recorded from a compact accelerator The team from the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence ... - Read More

Optogenetics: Identifying new targets for intervention

Optogenetics is one of the hottest tools in biomedical research today a method that uses gene therapy to deliver light sensitive proteins into specific cells This new tool allows researchers to interact with a single ... - Read More

Complementary light switchable proteins and superresolution reveal moving protein complexes in live cells at single molecule level

Cells are restless They move during embryogenesis tissue repair regeneration chemotaxis Even in disease tumor metastasis cells get around To do this they have to keep reorganizing their cytoskeleton removing pieces from one end of ... - Read More

New research paves the way for nano-movies of biomolecules

An international team including scientists from Arizona State University the University of Milwaukee Madison UMW and Germany's Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY have caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work using an X ray laser Their ... - Read More

Light propagation in solar cells made visible

How can light which has been captured in a solar cell be examined in experiments Jülich scientists have succeeded in looking directly at light propagation within a solar cell by using a trick The photovoltaics ... - Read More

Gut bacteria from a worm can degrade plastic

Plastic is well known for sticking around in the environment for years without breaking down contributing significantly to litter and landfills But scientists have now discovered that bacteria from the guts of a worm known ... - Read More

Laser sniffs out toxic gases from afar: System can ID chemicals in atmosphere from a kilometer away

Scientists have developed a way to sniff out tiny amounts of toxic gases a whiff of nerve gas for example or a hint of a chemical spill from up to one kilometer away The new ... - Read More
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