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News articles about "Light"

Bacteria as individual as people? Study of rhizobium from plant roots suggests yes

Bacteria are as individual as people according to new research by Professor Peter Young and his team in the Department of Biology at the University of York Bacteria are essential to health agriculture and the ... - Read More

Race of the electrons: Laser pulses can be used to track the motion of electrons in metals with attosecond precision

It is easy to measure electric current But it is extremely hard to watch the individual electrons which make up this current Electrons race through the metal with a speed of several million meters per ... - Read More

Novel inorganic material emitting laser light in solution discovered

The work published in Nature Communications demonstrates that the new material presents efficient and degradation resistant laser emission in the blue a spectral region of interest in applications such as spectroscopy or materials processing among ... - Read More

People conform to the norm -- even if the norm is a computer

Often enough it is human nature to conform This tendency makes us follow the lead of computers even if the machines give us the wrong advice This is the finding of a study in Springer's ... - Read More

Two-dimensional metamaterial surface manipulates light

A single layer of metallic nanostructures has been designed fabricated and tested by a team of Penn State electrical engineers that can provide exceptional capabilities for manipulating light This engineered surface which consists of a ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

New catalyst process uses light, not metal, for rapid polymerization

A team of chemistry and materials science experts from University of California Santa Barbara and The Dow Chemical Company has created a novel way to overcome one of the major hurdles preventing the widespread use ... - Read More

Solar cell polymers with multiplied electrical output

One challenge in improving the efficiency of solar cells is that some of the absorbed light energy is lost as heat So scientists have been looking to design materials that can convert more of that ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

More sun means fewer children, grandchildren, Norwegian study finds

A new study from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology shows that increased UV radiation can have an effect on human fertility over generations Gine Roll Skjærvø at the Norwegian University of Science and ... - Read More

From the lab to your digital device, quantum dots have made quantum leaps

Outside his career as a noted nanochemist Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab director Paul Alivisatos is an avid photographer To show off his photos his preferred device is a Kindle Fire HDX tablet because ... - Read More

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

What's in the grime tarnishing the Taj Mahal?

Every several years workers apply a clay mask to India's iconic but yellowing Taj Mahal to remove layers of grime and reveal the white marble underneath Now scientists are getting to the bottom of what ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Algae blooms create their own favorable conditions

Fertilizers are known to promote the growth of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater and oceans worldwide but a new multi institution study shows the aquatic microbes themselves can drive nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in a ... - Read More

Regional patterns of soot, dirt on North American snow discovered

Snow is not as white as it looks Mixed in with the reflective flakes are tiny dark particles of pollution University of Washington scientists recently published the first large scale survey of impurities in North ... - Read More

Magic numbers of quantum matter revealed by cold atoms

Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More

Shedding light on why blue LEDS are so tricky to make

Scientists at UCL in collaboration with groups at the University of Bath and the Daresbury Laboratory have uncovered the mystery of why blue light emitting diodes LEDs are so difficult to make by revealing the ... - Read More

Compact batteries enhanced by spontaneous silver matrix formations

In a promising lithium based battery the formation of a highly conductive silver matrix transforms a material otherwise plagued by low conductivity To optimize these multi metallic batteries and enhance the flow of electricity scientists ... - Read More

Quantum optical hard drive breakthrough

Scientists developing a prototype quantum hard drive have improved storage time by a factor of more than 100. The team's record storage time of six hours is a major step towards a secure worldwide data ... - Read More
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