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News articles about "Light"

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

What's in the grime tarnishing the Taj Mahal?

Every several years workers apply a clay mask to India's iconic but yellowing Taj Mahal to remove layers of grime and reveal the white marble underneath Now scientists are getting to the bottom of what ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Algae blooms create their own favorable conditions

Fertilizers are known to promote the growth of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater and oceans worldwide but a new multi institution study shows the aquatic microbes themselves can drive nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in a ... - Read More

Regional patterns of soot, dirt on North American snow discovered

Snow is not as white as it looks Mixed in with the reflective flakes are tiny dark particles of pollution University of Washington scientists recently published the first large scale survey of impurities in North ... - Read More

Magic numbers of quantum matter revealed by cold atoms

Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More

Shedding light on why blue LEDS are so tricky to make

Scientists at UCL in collaboration with groups at the University of Bath and the Daresbury Laboratory have uncovered the mystery of why blue light emitting diodes LEDs are so difficult to make by revealing the ... - Read More

Compact batteries enhanced by spontaneous silver matrix formations

In a promising lithium based battery the formation of a highly conductive silver matrix transforms a material otherwise plagued by low conductivity To optimize these multi metallic batteries and enhance the flow of electricity scientists ... - Read More

Quantum optical hard drive breakthrough

Scientists developing a prototype quantum hard drive have improved storage time by a factor of more than 100. The team's record storage time of six hours is a major step towards a secure worldwide data ... - Read More

Solving a case of intercellular entrapment

Optogenetics which uses light to control cellular events is poised to become an important technology in molecular biology and beyond The Reich Group in UC Santa Barbara's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry has made a ... - Read More

Scientists Identify First Nutrient Sensor in Key Growth-Regulating Metabolic Pathway

interact either directly or indirectly with mTORC1. Identifying them will thus remain a focus of the lab for years to come This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health grants R01 CA103866 and ... - Read More

A qubit candidate shines brighter

In the race to design the world's first universal quantum computer a special kind of diamond defect called a nitrogen vacancy NV center is playing a big role NV centers consist of a nitrogen atom ... - Read More

A repulsive material: New hydrogel dominated by electrostatic repulsion

In a world first achievement published in Nature scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan along with colleagues from the National Institute of Material Science and the University of Tokyo have ... - Read More

Glimpsing pathway of sunlight to electricity

Four pulses of laser light on nanoparticle photocells in a University of Oregon spectroscopy experiment has opened a window on how captured sunlight can be converted into electricity The work which potentially could inspire devices ... - Read More

What 'fecal prints' of microbes can tell us about Earth's evolution

Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More

Study fuels hope for natural gas cars: Metal organic framework candidates for methane storage identified

Cars that run on natural gas are touted as efficient and environmentally friendly but getting enough gas onboard to make them practical is a hurdle A new study led by researchers at Rice University promises ... - Read More

A gold catalyst for clear water: Mixed nanoparticle systems may help purify water and generate hydrogen

Improved photocatalyst microparticles containing gold nanoparticles can be used to purify water A new catalyst could have dramatic environmental benefits if it can live up to its potential suggests research from Singapore A*STAR researchers have ... - Read More

Ultrasounds dance the 'moonwalk' in new metamaterial

Metamaterials have extraordinary properties when it comes to diverting and controlling waves especially sound and light for instance they can make an object invisible or increase the resolving power of a lens Now researchers at ... - Read More

Possible avenue to better electrolyte for lithium ion batteries

The lithium ion batteries that mobilize our electronic devices need to be improved if they are to power electric vehicles or store electrical energy for the grid Berkeley Lab researchers looking for a better understanding ... - Read More

Atom-thick CCD could capture images

An atomically thin material developed at Rice University may lead to the thinnest ever imaging platform Synthetic two dimensional materials based on metal chalcogenide compounds could be the basis for superthin devices according to Rice ... - Read More
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