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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Light"

Solar cells utilize thermal radiation

Thermal radiation from the sun is largely lost on most silicon solar cells Up converters transform the infrared radiation into usable light however Researchers have now for the first time successfully adapted this effect for ... - Read More

Fusion foe lends a helping hand: Recent experiments breathe new understanding into oxygen's role in fusion devices

Fusion
Although oxygen is required to sustain life oxygen sucks the life out of fusion by radiating away too much power from the high temperature plasma Accordingly great efforts are expended to reduce the oxygen found ... - Read More

Dye absorption structure of dye-sensitized solar cells elucidated on molecular level: Success in dye absorption structure control

NIMS researchers elucidated the relationship between the photocurrent and the peculiar changes in the absorption structure occurring in the vicinity of the molecular electrode interface in dye sensitized solar cells The Organic Inorganic Hybrid Photovoltaics ... - Read More

Fantastic phonons: Blocking sound, channeling heat with 'unprecedented precision'

Heat, Sound
Imagine living on a bustling city block but free from the noise of car horns and people on the street The emerging field of phononics could one day make this a reality The phonon like ... - Read More

New generation of micro sensors for monitoring ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
The first step in developing a cost effective micro sensor for long term monitoring of ocean acidification has been achieved by a team of scientists and engineers The new technology that will measure pH levels ... - Read More

Medicine: The heart's metronome

A specific cell population is responsible for ensuring that our heartbeat remains regular Researchers from Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich have now elucidated the mode of action of one of the crucial components of ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

Changing the conversation: Polymers disrupt bacterial communication

Artificial materials based on simple synthetic polymers can disrupt the way in which bacteria communicate with each other a study led by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown The findings published in the ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Biosensor could help detect brain injuries during heart surgery

Protein, Protein, protein
Johns Hopkins engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery By doing so the device could help doctors ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More

Tricking algae's biological clock boosts production of drugs, biofuels

biological
Tricking algae's biological clock to remain in its daytime setting can dramatically boost the amount of valuable compounds that these simple marine plants can produce when they are grown in constant light That is the ... - Read More

Novel LEDs pave the way to cheaper displays

Light, Light
Researchers from the universities of Bonn and Regensburg have developed a novel type of organic light emitting diode OLED These lights are suitable for the design of particularly energy efficient cheap displays which find applications ... - Read More

Organizing programmed nanoparticles into highly complex nanostructures

Complex, Nanostructures
Animal and plant cells are prominent examples of how nature constructs ever larger units in a targeted preprogrammed manner using molecules as building blocks In nanotechnology scientists mimic this 'bottom up' technique by using the ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

New chemistry: Drawing and writing in liquid with light

Light, Light
University of Helsinki researchers have manufactured photochemically active polymers which can be dissolved in water or certain alcohols The new soluble photosensitive polymer was created by doctoral student Szymon Wiktorowicz In the study a 365 ... - Read More

Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold

Diamond
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds Researchers at the Lawrence ... - Read More

A single-atom light switch: New switch is powerful tool for quantum information and quantum communication

Quantum, Quantum
With just a single atom light can be switched between two fibre optic cables at the Vienna University of Technology Such a switch enables quantum phenomena to be used for information and communication technology Fibre ... - Read More

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More
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