Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More
Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More
In a design that mimics a hard to duplicate texture of starfish shells University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets We call them nanolobes They look like little hot air ... - Read More
Released 21 Oct 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Montana State University TechLink Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Oct 22 2014 NATICK A quiet solution amidst the rising clamor for answers in ... - Read More
Computer chips with superconducting circuits circuits with zero electrical resistance would be 50 to 100 times as energy efficient as today's chips an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers ... - Read More
Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More
Particle physicists have a hard time identifying all the elementary particles created in their particle accelerators But now researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have designed a material that makes it much easier to distinguish ... - Read More
As in Alice's journey through the looking glass to Wonderland mirrors in the real world can sometimes behave in surprising and unexpected ways including a new class of mirror that works like no other As ... - Read More
The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More
The UK is playing a key role in an international project to develop a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer more cost effective compact quicker and less disruptive to build than ... - Read More
The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More
The phase out of traditional incandescent bulbs in the U S and elsewhere as well as a growing interest in energy efficiency has given LED lighting a sales boost However that trend could be short ... - Read More
Even as the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has enshrined light emitting diodes LEDs as the single most significant and disruptive energy efficient lighting solution of today scientists around the world continue unabated to search ... - Read More
along a larger carbohydrate molecule that makes a cell wall Their work identified the spatial orientation of the GRP proteins in the cluster and showed that the protein carbohydrate complexes stimulate an immune response in ... - Read More
Duke University researchers have made fluorescent molecules emit photons of light 1 000 times faster than normal setting a speed record and making an important step toward realizing superfast light emitting diodes LEDs and quantum ... - Read More
Thin film coatings impart new properties to glass in applications as diverse as window glazing solar cells and touchscreens With the Megatron® sputtering system it is now possible for the first time to vary the ... - Read More
Ammonites are a group of extinct cephalopod mollusks with ribbed spiral shells They are exceptionally diverse and well known to fossil lovers Régis Chirat researcher at the Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon Terre Planètes et ... - Read More
What could the natural diversity and beauty of plant leaves have in common with one of humankind's greatest creative inventions the violin Much more than you might imagine There are many parallels between leaves and ... - Read More
Using a common laboratory filter paper decorated with gold nanoparticles researchers at Washington University in St Louis have created a unique platform known as plasmonic paper for detecting and characterizing even trace amounts of chemicals ... - Read More
at a level that the current incarnation of plasmonic paper can’t yet achieve “We expect this can be overcome by integrating biomimetic target recognition elements with plasmonic paper in the near future ” Tian said ... - Read More
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