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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Light"

Broadening the scope for synthesizing optically active compounds

Chiral compounds are increasingly important in chemical manufacturing They are distinguished by a special kind of asymmetry in their molecular structure Yutaka Ukaji and colleagues at Kanazawa University have now developed a method for desymmetrising ... - Read More

The promise of purple for enhanced bioimaging

Newly detected 'energy clustering' structures inside rare earth nanoparticles generate intense violet light which is ideal for studying photon induced transformations Labeling biomolecules with light emitting nanoparticles is a powerful technique for observing cell movement ... - Read More

Making it big: Metamaterial applications a step closer to reality

Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More

Exploring the magnetism of a single atom

Magnetic devices like hard drives magnetic random access memories MRAMs molecular magnets and quantum computers depend on the manipulation of magnetic properties In an atom magnetism arises from the spin and orbital momentum of its ... - Read More

Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light

University of Adelaide research may help in the fight against terrorism with the creation of a sensor that can detect tiny quantities of explosives with the use of light and special glass fibres Published in ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

New technology using fluorescent proteins tracks cancer cells circulating in blood

After cancer spreads finding and destroying malignant cells that circulate in the body is usually critical to patient survival Now researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Chemistry & amp Biology have developed a new ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

High-efficiency water treatment using light using a novel UV-light system

Many harmful substances in waste water stubbornly resist being broken down by biological waste water treatment plants Fraunhofer researchers have developed a photochemical reaction system in which water can be reliably treated at high flow ... - Read More

Luminescent nanocrystal tags enable rapid detection of multiple pathogens in a single test

A research team using tunable luminescent nanocrystals as tags to advance medical and security imaging have successfully applied them to high speed scanning technology and detected multiple viruses within minutes The research led by Macquarie ... - Read More

Revealing the healing of 'dino-sores': Examining broken bones in 150-million-year-old predatory dinosaur

Scientists have used state of the art imaging techniques to examine the cracks fractures and breaks in the bones of a 150 million year old predatory dinosaur The University of Manchester researchers say their groundbreaking ... - Read More

Surgeons 'light up' GI tract to safely remove gall bladder

A green fluorescent dye is helping surgeons at the University of Illinois Hospital & amp Health Sciences System perform robotic gall bladder surgery more safely UI Health surgeons used near infrared light to make the ... - Read More

Using DNA to build tool that may literally shine light on cancer

Bioengineers at the University of Rome Tor Vergata and the University of Montreal have used DNA to develop a tool that detects and reacts to chemical changes caused by cancer cells and that may one ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Fluorescent sensor developed for detecting nitric oxide, a molecule related to many diseases

The detection of certain chemical compounds in our body is essential to prevent many diseases and set out their treatment Thus making advances in the development of compounds that can be easily detected is key ... - Read More

Terahertz imaging on the cheap: Fewer sensors required for high-resolution imaging systems

Terahertz imaging which is already familiar from airport security checkpoints has a number of other promising applications from explosives detection to collision avoidance in cars Like sonar or radar terahertz imaging produces an image by ... - Read More

Clues for superconductivity in an iron-based material

For the first time scientists have a clearer understanding of how to control the appearance of a superconducting phase in a material adding crucial fundamental knowledge and perhaps setting the stage for advances in the ... - Read More

Environmental hormones: Tiny amounts, big effects on fish

Empty nets and few species environmental hormones are believed responsible for the diminishing numbers of fish How damaging are these substances really though Studies that depict a complete picture of the lives of fish provide ... - Read More

Tracking proteins in single HIV particle

An interdisciplinary team of scientists from KU Leuven in Belgium has developed a new technique to examine how proteins interact with each other at the level of a single HIV viral particle The technique allows ... - Read More
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