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News articles about "Laser"

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

New chemistry: Drawing and writing in liquid with light

Light, Light
University of Helsinki researchers have manufactured photochemically active polymers which can be dissolved in water or certain alcohols The new soluble photosensitive polymer was created by doctoral student Szymon Wiktorowicz In the study a 365 ... - Read More

Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold

Diamond
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds Researchers at the Lawrence ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

New compact atomic clock design uses cold atoms to boost precision

Atomic
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have demonstrated a compact atomic clock design that relies on cold rubidium atoms instead of the usual hot atoms a switch that promises improved precision ... - Read More

Lasers might lead to cure for brain diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden together with researchers at the Polish Wroclaw University of Technology have made a discovery that may lead to the curing of diseases such as Alzheimer's Parkinson's and ... - Read More

Nanotube-based sensors can be implanted under the skin for a year

Glucose, Carbon, Glucose, carbon
Nitric oxide NO is one of the most important signaling molecules in living cells carrying messages within the brain and coordinating immune system functions In many cancerous cells levels are perturbed but very little is ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Giant atom eats quantum gas

Gas
A team of experimental and theoretical physicists from the University of Stuttgart studied a single micrometer sized atom This atom contains tens of thousands of normal atoms in its electron orbital The interaction of electrons ... - Read More

World's most powerful terahertz quantum cascade laser

Cascade
Whether it is diagnostic imaging analysis of unknown substances or ultrafast communication terahertz radiation sources are becoming more and more important At the Vienna University of Technology an important breakthrough has been achieved Terahertz waves ... - Read More

Quantum reality more complex than previously thought

Complex
Imagine you order a delivery of several glass vases in different colors Each vase is sent as a separate parcel What would you think of the courier if the parcels arrive apparently undamaged yet when ... - Read More

Spinning atoms in light crystals

Crystals
After more than 40 years of intense research experimental physicists still seek to explore the rich behaviour of electrons confined to a two dimensional crystalline structure exposed to large magnetic fields Now a team of ... - Read More

Breakthrough in study of aluminum should yield new technological advances

Yield
Researchers at Oregon State University and the University of Oregon today announced a scientific advance that has eluded researchers for more than 100 years a platform to study and fully understand the aqueous chemistry of ... - Read More

Persuading light to mix it up with matter

Light, Matter, Matter, Light
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More

Breakthrough for solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Did you know that crystals form the basis for the penetrating icy blue glare of car headlights and could be fundamental to the future in solar energy technology Crystals are at the heart of diodes ... - Read More

Learning how to convert heat directly into power: A thermoelectric materials emulator

Heat
Discovered in the 19th century thermoelectric materials have the remarkable property that heating them creates a small electrical current But enhancing this current to a level compatible with the needs of modern technologies has revealed ... - Read More

Bright, laser-based lighting devices

Laser, Laser
As a modern culture we crave artificial white lights the brighter the better and ideally using less energy than ever before To meet the ever escalating demand for more lighting in more places and to ... - Read More

Laser treatments yield smoother metal surfaces

Yield
Ever since the Bronze Age metals have been cast in different shapes for different applications Smooth surfaces that are resistant to corrosion are crucial for many of the present day uses of cast metals ranging ... - Read More

Seeing light in a new light: Scientists create never-before-seen form of matter

Light, Light
Harvard and MIT scientists are challenging the conventional wisdom about light and they didn't need to go to a galaxy far far away to do it Working with colleagues at the Harvard MIT Center for ... - Read More
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