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News articles about "Laser"

Researchers split water into hydrogen, oxygen using light, nanoparticles

Oxygen
Researchers from the University of Houston have found a catalyst that can quickly generate hydrogen from water using sunlight potentially creating a clean and renewable source of energy Their research published online Sunday in Nature ... - Read More

Smashing science: Scientists discover how explosives respond to shockwaves

Science, Science
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have combined ultrafast time resolved experimental measurements with theory to reveal how an explosive responds to a high impact shock The work involved advances in both ultrafast experimental shock wave ... - Read More

Precise docking sites for cells

The Petri dish is a classical biological laboratory device but it is no ideal living environment for many types of cells Studies lose validity as cell behavior on a flat plastic surface differs from that ... - Read More

Scientists scale terahertz peaks in nanotubes

Carbon, carbon
Carbon nanotubes carry plasmonic signals in the terahertz range of the electromagnetic spectrum but only if they're metallic by nature or doped In new research the Rice University laboratory of physicist Junichiro Kono disproved previous ... - Read More

A stopwatch for electron flashes: duration of energetic electron pulses measured using laser fields

Electron, Electron, Electron
A stopwatch made of light can determine the duration of extremely brief electron flashes Teams based in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics LAP at LMU and at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have ... - Read More

How light affects individual atoms

Tyndall National Institute and its collaborators are unravelling how atoms vibrate and change when hit with intense bursts of light The ground breaking work has been recognised through publication of a paper in the journal ... - Read More

Quantum effects help cells capture light, but the details are obscure

Sophisticated recent experiments with ultrashort laser pulses support the idea that intuition defying quantum interactions between molecules help plants algae and some bacteria efficiently gather light to fuel their growth But key details of nature's ... - Read More

Three-dimensional view helps laser in building new molecules

Building, molecules
Scientists have developed a new feedback method for optimizing the laser pulse shapes used in the control of chemical reactions In many ways traditional chemical synthesis is similar to cooking To alter the final product ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More

Intense two-color double X-ray laser pulses: Powerful tool to study ultrafast processes

X-ray
A team working at the SACLA X ray Free Electron Laser XFEL in Japan has succeeded in generating ultra bright two color X ray laser pulses for the first time in the hard X ray ... - Read More

Diagnostic imaging: New chip provides better all-round performance

Applications, Applications
Small optical devices are important for diagnostic imaging in the body they serve for example as optical probes in blood vessels or the gastrointestinal tract For accurate diagnosis such applications require a 360 degree view ... - Read More

Amplifying Our Vision of the Infinitely Small

Released 12 2 2013 10 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Universite de Montreal more news from this source Dec 3 2013 Richard Martel and his research team at the Department of Chemistry of the Université de ... - Read More

Scientists stitch up photosynthetic megacomplex

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More

How losing information can benefit quantum computing

Quantum, Quantum
Suggesting that quantum computers might benefit from losing some data physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have entangled linked the quantum properties of two ions by leaking judiciously chosen information to ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

X-ray laser can solve protein structures from scratch

X-ray, Protein structures
A study shows for the first time that X ray lasers can be used to generate a complete 3 D model of a protein without any prior knowledge of its structure An international team of ... - Read More

Two for one in solar power: New process could revolutionize solar energy harvesting

Solar energy, Solar power
Solar cells offer the opportunity to harvest abundant renewable energy Although the highest energy light occurs in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum most solar energy is in the infrared There is a trade off in ... - Read More

Improved decoding of DNA for custom medical treatments

Medical
One day doctors will be able to create custom medical treatment plans based on a patient's DNA pinpointing the root of a patient's illness and making sure treatment will not cause a fatal allergic reaction ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More
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