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News articles about "Laser"

Facebook for molecules

Social media has expanded to reach an unlikely new target molecules Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have created networks of molecular data similar to Facebook's recently debuted graph search feature ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Laser system allows determination of atomic binding energy of the rarest element on Earth

Atomic, System
The radioactive element astatine the name of which is derived from the Greek word for 'instability ' is so rare on Earth that it has not yet been investigated to any greater extent and as ... - Read More

New method to generate Laughlin states with atomic systems

In 1998 the Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to the discovery of a new type of quantum fluid with fractional charge excitations known as Laughlin state The production of this quantum state which explains ... - Read More

Designing a cleaner future: Bicyclean helps recycle e-waste in developing nations

developing
A slum on the outskirts of Accra Ghana received major media attention in 2010 and 2011 when the outside world realized where computers go to die In an area called Agbogbloshie impoverished residents were burning ... - Read More

Organic electronics: Imaging defects in solar cells

cells, cells
Researchers at LMU have developed a new method for visualizing material defects in thin film solar cells An LMU research team led by Bert Nickel has for the first time succeeded in functionally characterizing the ... - Read More

Uniquely shaped enzyme amazes chemists

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Chemists of Radboud University Nijmegen have found that a uniquely shaped enzyme that has never been seen before in biology is real two interlocked ring structures known as catenanes The results have been published early ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

NASA to study how pollution, storms and climate mix

NASA
NASA aircraft will take to the skies over the southern United States this summer to investigate how air pollution and natural emissions which are pushed high into the atmosphere by large storms affect atmospheric composition ... - Read More

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

First observation of spin Hall effect in a quantum gas is step toward 'atomtronics'

Hall Effect, Gas
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have reported* the first observation of the spin Hall effect in a Bose Einstein condensate BEC a cloud of ultracold atoms acting as a single ... - Read More

Cool electron acceleration: Electron pulses from laser accelerator

Electron, Electron, Electron
Physicists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics produced electron pulses from a laser accelerator whose individual particles all have nearly the same tuneable energy Electrons with a velocity close to the speed of ... - Read More

Cool electron acceleration

Electron, Electron, Electron
Physicists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics produced electron pulses from a laser accelerator whose individual particles all have nearly the same tuneable energy Electrons with a velocity close to the speed of ... - Read More

Formula for turning cement into 'metal'

Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass
In a move that would make the Alchemists of King Arthur's time green with envy scientists have unraveled the formula for turning liquid cement into liquid metal This makes cement a semi conductor and opens ... - Read More

Atomic-scale investigations solve key puzzle of LED efficiency

Atomic
From the high resolution glow of flat screen televisions to light bulbs that last for years light emitting diodes LEDs continue to transform technology The celebrated efficiency and versatility of LEDs and other solid state ... - Read More

A quantum simulator for magnetic materials

Physicists understand perfectly well why a fridge magnet sticks to certain metallic surfaces But there are more exotic forms of magnetism whose properties remain unclear despite decades of intense research An important step towards filling ... - Read More

Optics: Statistics light the way

A revelation of how photoreceptive cells in the eye distinguish between different light sources could pave the way for a novel class of optical devices Millions of years of evolution have molded our eyes into ... - Read More

Detecting mirror molecules: New technique reliably tells left-handed from right-handed variant of a compound

Harvard physicists have developed a novel technique that can detect molecular variants in chemical mixtures greatly simplifying a process that is one of the most important though time consuming processes in analytical chemistry As described ... - Read More

Chemists demonstrate nanoscale alloys so bright they could have potential medical applications

Medical, Applications, Alloys
Alloys like bronze and steel have been transformational for centuries yielding top of the line machines necessary for industry As scientists move toward nanotechnology however the focus has shifted toward creating alloys at the nanometer ... - Read More

Significant improvement in performance of solar-powered hydrogen generation

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Using a powerful combination of microanalytic techniques that simultaneously image photoelectric current and chemical reaction rates across a surface on a micrometer scale researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have shed ... - Read More
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