Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More
Chemical analysis of some of the world's oldest rocks by an international team led by McGill University researchers has provided the earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere The results show that the air 4 billion ... - Read More
Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More
To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth's atmosphere and oceans it's important to distinguish human made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally A recent study co authored by a Brown University ... - Read More
For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More
A UC Santa Barbara geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside the Earth Known as hotspots volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from ... - Read More
In the earth and environmental sciences radioactive isotopes atom variants that decay over time play a major role in age determination A radioactive isotope of the inert gas argon 39Ar for example is used to ... - Read More
The High Flux Isotope Reactor or HFIR now in its 48th year of providing neutrons for research and isotope production at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been designated a Nuclear Historic ... - Read More
In the beginning all was hydrogen and helium plus a bit of lithium Three elements in all Today's universe however has nearly a hundred naturally occurring elements with thousands of variants isotopes and more likely ... - Read More
A new study of three ice cores from Greenland documents the warming of the large ice sheet at the end of the last ice age resolving a long standing paradox over when that warming occurred ... - Read More
Sharks were a tolerant bunch some 50 million years ago cruising an Arctic Ocean that contained about the same percentage of freshwater as Louisiana's Lake Ponchatrain does today says a new study involving the University ... - Read More
Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More
Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More
A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More
The periodic table of the elements is to get crowded towards its heaviest members Evidence for the artificial creation of element 117 has recently been obtained at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research ... - Read More
Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st century Florida heat according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures ... - Read More
Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More
Why were Neanderthals replaced by anatomically modern humans around 40 000 years ago One popular hypothesis states that a broader dietary spectrum of modern humans gave them a competitive advantage on Neanderthals Geochemical analyses of ... - Read More
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More
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