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News articles about "Ions"

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide

Gas
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia Common in European cars the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water How they do this hasn't been ... - Read More

Scientists use DNA to assemble a transistor from graphene

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Graphene is a sheet of carbon atoms arrayed in a honeycomb pattern just a single atom thick It could be a better semiconductor than silicon if we could fashion it into ribbons 20 to 50 ... - Read More

Bismuth-carrying nanotubes show promise for CT scans

cells, cells
Scientists at Rice University have trapped bismuth in a nanotube cage to tag stem cells for X ray tracking Bismuth is probably best known as the active element in a popular stomach settling elixir and ... - Read More

Solar cell performance improves with ion-conducting polymer

Polymer
Researchers at Stockholm's KTH Royal Institute of Technology have found a way to make dye sensitized solar cells more energy efficient and longer lasting Drawing their inspiration from photosynthesis dye sensitized solar cells offer the ... - Read More

Imaging: A brighter future for cell tracking

A research team in Asia has developed a method for tracking or 'tracing' cells that overcomes the limitations of existing methods The team's fluorescent organic tracers will provide researchers with a non invasive tool to ... - Read More

Transparent artificial muscle plays music to prove a point

materials, Materials
In a materials science laboratory at Harvard University a transparent disk connected to a laptop fills the room with music it's the Morning prelude from Peer Gynt played on an ionic speaker No ordinary speaker ... - Read More

From cancer treatment to ion thruster: The newest little idea for nanosat micro rockets

treatment, cancer, Cancer treatment
Nanosatellites are smartphone sized spacecraft that can perform simple yet valuable space missions Dozens of these little vehicles are now tirelessly orbiting Earth performing valuable functions for NASA the Department of Defense and even private ... - Read More

Existence of new element confirmed

Element, Element
An international team of researchers led by physicists from Lund University has confirmed the existence of what is considered a new element with atomic number 115. The experiment was conducted at the GSI research facility ... - Read More

Rattling ions limit heat flow in materials used to reduce carbon emissions

A new study published today in the journal Nature Materials has found a way to suppress the thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate so that it can be used to harvest waste energy Led by scientists ... - Read More

Simple mix of rock and organic waste is powerful fertilizer

Fertilizer
Food and biofuel crops could be grown and maintained in many places where it wasn't previously possible such as deserts landfills and former mining sites thanks to an inexpensive non chemical soil additive The additive ... - Read More

Researchers open a door for solid state physics: Laser processes observed with X-rays on a solid

Solid state
Without the currently available plethora of X ray methods basic research in the physical sciences would be unthinkable The methods are used in solid state physics in the analysis of biological structures and even art ... - Read More

Two become one with the 3-D NanoChemiscope: Unique surface analysis instrument

Surface analysis, Analysis
The 3D NanoChemiscope is a miracle of state of the art analysis technology As a further development of well known microscopic and mass spectroscopic methods it maps the physical and chemical surfaces of materials down ... - Read More

Chemists develop 'fresh, new' approach to making alloy nanomaterials

Nanomaterials, nanomaterials
Chemists in The College of Arts and Sciences have figured out how to synthesize nanomaterials with stainless steel like interfaces Their discovery may change how the form and structure of nanomaterials are manipulated particularly those ... - Read More

Researchers optically levitate a glowing, nanoscale diamond

Diamond
Researchers at the University of Rochester have measured for the first time light emitted by photoluminescence from a nanodiamond levitating in free space In a paper published this week in Optics Letters they describe how ... - Read More

'Soft robotic' devices using water-based gels

Gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water based hydrogel material that can be patterned folded and used to manipulate objects The technique holds promise ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Protons hop from one water molecule to another given suitable energy conditions

Molecule, molecule
Protons as positively charged hydrogen ions move very rapidly in water from one water molecule to the next which is why the conductivity of water is relatively high The principle of proton conduction in water ... - Read More

Injectable 'smart sponge' holds promise for controlled drug delivery

Drug delivery
Researchers have developed a drug delivery technique for diabetes treatment in which a sponge like material surrounds an insulin core The sponge expands and contracts in response to blood sugar levels to release insulin as ... - Read More
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