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News articles about "Industrial processes"

Hollow-fiber membranes could cut separation costs, energy use

Researchers have developed a microfluidic technique for fabricating a new class of metal organic framework MOF membranes inside hollow polymer fibers that are just a few hundred microns in diameter The new fabrication process believed ... - Read More

Inspired by nature, researchers create tougher metal materials

Drawing inspiration from the structure of bones and bamboo researchers have found that by gradually changing the internal structure of metals they can make stronger tougher materials that can be customized for a wide variety ... - Read More

'Microbe sniffer' could point way to next-generation bio-refining

A new biosensor invented at the University of British Columbia could help optimize bio refining processes that produce fuels fine chemicals and advanced materials It works by sniffing out naturally occurring bacterial networks that are ... - Read More

A new way to harness waste heat: Electrochemical approach has potential to efficiently turn low-grade heat to electricity

Vast amounts of excess heat are generated by industrial processes and by electric power plants researchers around the world have spent decades seeking ways to harness some of this wasted energy Most such efforts have ... - Read More

Can plants provide petroleum-derived chemicals?

Plant scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that certain enzymes responsible for desaturating fatty acids the building blocks of oils can link up to efficiently pass intermediate products ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

Recovering metals and minerals from waste

Scarcity of clean water is one of the most serious global challenges In its spearhead programme VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland developed energy efficient methods for reuse of water in industrial processes and means ... - Read More

A wristband for a different kind of cause ... environmental health

From Livestrong to Purple Paws trendy wristbands have come to represent causes from cancer to ending cruelty to animals Add a new wristband of a different sort one that could close the loop on determining ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide tamed: Making this ubiquitous gas industrially useful

Using a copper catalyst to unite carbon dioxide with organic molecules under mild conditions could make this ubiquitous gas industrially useful Carbon dioxide has become notorious as a troublesome greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Electricity from waste heat with more efficient materials

Thermoelectric materials can convert waste heat directly into electricity Tommi Tynell M Sc Tech who is a doctoral candidate at the Aalto University School of Chemical Technology has developed hybrid thermoelectric materials which combine useful ... - Read More

Iron-based process promises greener, cheaper, safer drug, perfume production

University of Toronto researchers have developed a series of techniques to create a variety of very active iron based catalysts necessary to produce the alcohols and amines used in the drug and perfume industry The ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

Theory and formula to improve 'plastic' semiconductors developed

Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Plastic, Plastic
Anyone who's stuffed a smart phone in their back pocket would appreciate the convenience of electronic devices that could bend Flexible electronics could spawn new products clothing wired to cool or heat reading tablets that ... - Read More

Simple textiles can be used with catalysts to enable complex chemical reactions

Complex, Catalysts, Reactions
In future it will be much easier to produce some active pharmaceutical substances and chemical compounds than was the case to date An international team working with chemists from the Max Planck Institut für Kohlenforschung ... - Read More

A crystal of a different color: One chemical forms two colors of crystals, sheds insight on agostic bonds important in industrial catalysis

Crystals, Crystal
Chemists have unexpectedly made two differently colored crystals one orange the other blue from one chemical in the same flask while studying a special kind of molecular connection called an agostic bond The discovery reported ... - Read More

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

It's not just the heat, it's the ozone: Hidden heat wave dangers exposed

Heat
During heat waves when ozone production rises plants' ozone absorption is curtailed leaving more pollution in the air This resulted in the loss of an estimated 460 lives in the UK in the hot summer ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

New thermocell could harvest 'waste heat' from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes

Heat
Harvesting waste heat from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes could soon provide a valuable supply of electricity A small team of Monash University researchers working under the Australian Research Council ARC Centre of ... - Read More
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