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News articles about "Ice"

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More

'Standing on a comet': Rosetta mission will contribute to space weather research

A comet bound spacecraft that's been in sleep mode for more than two years is scheduled to wake up on the morning of Jan 20 beginning the home stretch of its decade long journey to ... - Read More

Rethinking massive iceberg shifts in North Atlantic

Some Heinrich events periodic massive iceberg surges into the North Atlantic that were previously thought to have weakened the global ocean conveyor belt circulation and sent Earth's climate into the deep freeze may actually have ... - Read More

Cracked sea ice stirs up Arctic mercury concern

sea, Ice, Mercury
Vigorous mixing in the air above large cracks in Arctic sea ice that expose seawater to cold polar air pumps atmospheric mercury down to the surface finds a NASA field campaign This process can lead ... - Read More

Arctic: Mercury deposition and ozone depletion, linked to sea-ice dynamics

Mercury, Ice, sea, Ozone depletion, Dynamics
This week a new study published in Nature and co authored by Drs Chris Moore and Daniel Obrist of Nevada's Desert Research Institute establishes for the first time a link between Arctic sea ice dynamics ... - Read More

High levels of molecular chlorine found in arctic atmosphere

Atmosphere, Atmosphere, molecular, Molecular
Scientists studying the atmosphere above Barrow Alaska have discovered unprecedented levels of molecular chlorine in the air a new study reports Molecular chlorine from sea salt released by melting sea ice reacts with sunlight to ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons an ice-melting coat for radar

Ice
Ribbons of ultrathin graphene combined with polyurethane paint meant for cars is just right for deicing sensitive military radar domes according to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour in collaboration ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

First measurement flight: Research aircraft HALO explores trade wind clouds

Atmospheric
Which climate effects do clouds have Under what conditions do they warm or cool the atmosphere Today after more than five years of preparation the specially equipped research aircraft HALO High Altitude and Long Range ... - Read More

New Jersey Shore likely faces unprecedented flooding by mid-century

sea
Geoscientists at Rutgers and Tufts universities estimate that the New Jersey shore will likely experience a sea level rise of about 1.5 feet by 2050 and of about 3.5 feet by 2100 11 to 15 ... - Read More

While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink, parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide

carbon, Carbon
While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink researchers find parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide For the past three decades as the climate has warmed the massive plates of sea ... - Read More

Underwater 'tree rings' show 650 years of sea ice change

sea, Ice
Almost 650 years of annual change in sea ice cover can been seen in the calcite crust growing among layers of seafloor algae says a new study from the University of Toronto Mississauga UTM This ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

New findings could overcome stumbling blocks to tissue cryopreservation

cells, cells
Developing an efficient way to freeze and store living tissues could transform many aspects of medical care and research but ice crystallization often occurs within cells during such cryopreservation procedures leading to cell death In ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

Late Cretaceous Period was likely ice-free

Ice
For years scientists have thought that a continental ice sheet formed during the Late Cretaceous Period more than 90 million years ago when the climate was much warmer than it is today Now a University ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More
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