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How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Could planting trees in the desert mitigate climate change?

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
As the world starts feeling the effects of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and consequent global temperature rise researchers are looking for a Plan B to mitigate climate change A group of German scientists has now ... - Read More

Airborne campaign preparing to probe pollution-climate link

Probe
The floor of a NASA hangar and an adjacent laboratory in Southern California's high desert have been in constant motion this month as scientists prepare their instruments for installation on two of the agency's specialized ... - Read More

Sediment trapped behind dams makes them 'hot spots' for greenhouse gas emissions

With the green reputation of large hydroelectric dams already in question scientists are reporting that millions of smaller dams on rivers around the world make an important contribution to the greenhouse gases linked to global ... - Read More

Lifelike cooling for sunbaked windows: Adaptable microfluidic circulatory system could cut air-conditioning costs

System
Sun drenched rooms make for happy residents but large glass windows also bring higher air conditioning bills Now a bioinspired microfluidic circulatory system for windows developed by researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

It's not just the heat, it's the ozone: Hidden heat wave dangers exposed

Heat
During heat waves when ozone production rises plants' ozone absorption is curtailed leaving more pollution in the air This resulted in the loss of an estimated 460 lives in the UK in the hot summer ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More

In the zone: How scientists search for habitable planets

Planets
There is only one planet we know of so far that is drenched with life That planet is Earth as you may have guessed and it has all the right conditions for critters to thrive ... - Read More

New thermocell could harvest 'waste heat' from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes

Heat
Harvesting waste heat from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes could soon provide a valuable supply of electricity A small team of Monash University researchers working under the Australian Research Council ARC Centre of ... - Read More

Finding the keys to boiling heat transfer

A team of MIT researchers has succeeded in carrying out the first systematic investigation of the factors that control boiling heat transfer from a surface to a liquid This process is crucial to the efficiency ... - Read More

New nanoscale imaging method finds application in plasmonics

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterials the specially engineered nanostructures that modify the ... - Read More

Race for new temperature definition: Most accurate measurement yet of Boltzmann constant

Temperature, temperature
Scientists at the UK's National Physical Laboratory NPL have performed the most accurate measurement yet of the Boltzmann constant While the impact of such an achievement is not immediately obvious the measurement could revolutionise the ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

Chemical/bioengineers use adhesion to combine advantages of silicones and organic materials

Introductory chemistry students learn that oil and water repel each other So do other hydrophobic substances which carry no electric charge and hydrophilic substances which carry an electric charge that allows them to mix with ... - Read More

Unlikely competitor for diamond as best thermal conductor: Boron arsenide potential for cooling applications

An unlikely material cubic boron arsenide could deliver an extraordinarily high thermal conductivity on par with the industry standard set by costly diamond researchers report in the current issue of the journal Physical Review Letters ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Scientists reveal structure of a supercooled liquid

Structure, Structure
The experimental work which was performed at the German Electron Synchrotron Facility DESY in Hamburg involved levitating hot metal droplets and observing them as they cooled by irradiating them with x rays from one of ... - Read More

Organic electronics: Imaging defects in solar cells

cells, cells
Researchers at LMU have developed a new method for visualizing material defects in thin film solar cells An LMU research team led by Bert Nickel has for the first time succeeded in functionally characterizing the ... - Read More
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