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Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

Today's Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida

Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st century Florida heat according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures ... - Read More

Surprising material could play huge role in saving energy: Tin selenide is best at converting waste heat to electricity

One strategy for addressing the world's energy crisis is to stop wasting so much energy when producing and using it which can happen in coal fired power plants or transportation Nearly two thirds of energy ... - Read More

Vacuum ultraviolet lamp of the future created

A team of researchers in Japan has developed a solid state lamp that emits high energy ultraviolet UV light at the shortest wavelengths ever recorded for such a device from 140 to 220 nanometers This ... - Read More

Magnetic behavior discovery could advance nuclear fusion

Inspired by the space physics behind solar flares and the aurora a team of researchers from the University of Michigan and Princeton has uncovered a new kind of magnetic behavior that could help make nuclear ... - Read More

Thermal conductance can be controlled like waves using nanostructures

Thermal conduction is a familiar everyday phenomenon In a hot sauna for instance you can sit comfortably on a wooden bench that has a temperature of 100C 212F but if you touch a metallic nail ... - Read More

DNA can be damaged by very low-energy radiation

Damage to DNA by high energy radiation constitutes the most lethal damage occurring at the cellular level Surprisingly very low energy interactions with OH radicals for instance can also induce DNA damage including double strand ... - Read More

Nanoscale optical switch breaks miniaturization barrier

An ultra fast and ultra small optical switch has been invented that could advance the day when photons replace electrons in the innards of consumer products ranging from cell phones to automobiles The new optical ... - Read More

Magnetically stimulated flow patterns offer strategy for heat transfer problems

Sandia National Laboratories researchers Jim Martin and Kyle Solis have what Martin calls a devil of a problem They've discovered how to harness magnetic fields to create vigorous organized fluid flows in particle suspensions The ... - Read More

A new renewable energy source? Device captures energy from Earth's infrared emissions to outer space

When the sun sets on a remote desert outpost and solar panels shut down what energy source will provide power through the night A battery perhaps or an old diesel generator Perhaps something strange and ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More

Staying cool in the nanoelectric universe by getting hot

Hot, Hot
As smartphones tablets and other gadgets become smaller and more sophisticated the heat they generate while in use increases This is a growing problem because it can cause the electronics inside the gadgets to fail ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Poison-breathing bacteria may be boon to industry, environment

Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property they breathe a toxic metal to survive Researchers from the ... - Read More

Climate change: How does soil store carbon dioxide?

Carbon, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate, climate, carbon
Previous studies have established that carbon binds to tiny mineral particles In this latest study published in Nature Communications researchers of the Technische Universität München TUM and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have shown that the ... - Read More

Hack the planet? Geoengineering research, ethics, governance explored

Climate, climate
Hacking Earth's climate to counteract global warming a subject that elicits strong reactions from both sides is the topic of a December special issue of the journal Climatic Change A dozen research papers include the ... - Read More

Ultrafast heating of water: This pot boils faster than you can watch it

Water, Water, Water
Scientists from the Hamburg Center for Free Electron Laser Science have devised a novel way to boil water in less than a trillionth of a second The theoretical concept which has not yet been demonstrated ... - Read More

Golden trap: Highly sensitive system to detect individual molecules

System, molecules
Medical diagnostics is searching for substances capable of documenting early on whether a serious disease is developing or what its course will be In many cases the treacherous molecules are present only in trace amounts ... - Read More

Can we turn unwanted carbon dioxide into electricity?

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Researchers are developing a new kind of geothermal power plant that will lock away unwanted carbon dioxide CO2 underground and use it as a tool to boost electric power generation by at least 10 times ... - Read More

Noble gas molecule discovered in space

Gas, Space
A molecule containing a noble gas has been discovered in space by a team including astronomers from Cardiff University The find was made using a Cardiff led instrument aboard Europe's Herschel Space Observatory The molecule ... - Read More
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