Heat drives classical phase transitions think solid liquid and gas but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable where quantum mechanics reigns subtle fluctuations ... - Read More
A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing and it's not the source many people may have feared What's more the problem may ... - Read More
In the beginning all was hydrogen and helium plus a bit of lithium Three elements in all Today's universe however has nearly a hundred naturally occurring elements with thousands of variants isotopes and more likely ... - Read More
The discovery 30 years ago of soccer ball shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research Now there appears to be a new ball on the pitch Researchers from Brown ... - Read More
Lawrence Livermore scientists for the first time have experimentally re created the conditions that exist deep inside giant planets such as Jupiter Uranus and many of the planets recently discovered outside our solar system Researchers ... - Read More
One of the hottest materials in condensed matter research today is graphene Graphene had an unlikely start it began with researchers messing around with pencil marks on paper Pencil lead is actually made of graphite ... - Read More
If you have it you probably don't know it Cytomegalovirus or CMV is perhaps one of the biggest pathogens you've never heard of big both proportionately and epidemiologically It contains approximately 200 genes compared to ... - Read More
University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor Such transistors someday might enable smartphones that take and collect medical X ... - Read More
Inspired by the space physics behind solar flares and the aurora a team of researchers from the University of Michigan and Princeton has uncovered a new kind of magnetic behavior that could help make nuclear ... - Read More
Oxygen 16 one of the key elements of life on earth is produced by a series of reactions inside of red giant stars Now a team of physicists including one from North Carolina State University ... - Read More
The precise control of the rotational temperature of molecular ions opens up new possibilities for laboratory based astrochemistry Chemical reactions taking place in outer space can now be more easily studied on Earth An international ... - Read More
A molecule containing a noble gas has been discovered in space by a team including astronomers from Cardiff University The find was made using a Cardiff led instrument aboard Europe's Herschel Space Observatory The molecule ... - Read More
As a result of the fracking revolution North America has overtaken Saudi Arabia as the world's largest producer of oil and gas This despite endless protests from environmentalists But does drilling for natural gas really ... - Read More
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More
The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More
typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More
A superfluid moves like a completely frictionless liquid seemingly able to propel itself without any hindrance from gravity or surface tension The physics underlying these materials which appear to defy the conventional laws of physics ... - Read More
In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More
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