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News articles about "Helium"

Researchers discover boron 'buckyball'

The discovery 30 years ago of soccer ball shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research Now there appears to be a new ball on the pitch Researchers from Brown ... - Read More

Scientists experimentally re-create conditions deep inside giant planets, such as Jupiter and many exo-planets

Lawrence Livermore scientists for the first time have experimentally re created the conditions that exist deep inside giant planets such as Jupiter Uranus and many of the planets recently discovered outside our solar system Researchers ... - Read More

From pencil marks to quantum computers

One of the hottest materials in condensed matter research today is graphene Graphene had an unlikely start it began with researchers messing around with pencil marks on paper Pencil lead is actually made of graphite ... - Read More

Unmasking viral invaders with mass spectrometry

If you have it you probably don't know it Cytomegalovirus or CMV is perhaps one of the biggest pathogens you've never heard of big both proportionately and epidemiologically It contains approximately 200 genes compared to ... - Read More

Tiny transistors for extreme environs: Engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation

University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor Such transistors someday might enable smartphones that take and collect medical X ... - Read More

Magnetic behavior discovery could advance nuclear fusion

Inspired by the space physics behind solar flares and the aurora a team of researchers from the University of Michigan and Princeton has uncovered a new kind of magnetic behavior that could help make nuclear ... - Read More

Oxygen's different shapes described

Oxygen 16 one of the key elements of life on earth is produced by a series of reactions inside of red giant stars Now a team of physicists including one from North Carolina State University ... - Read More

A brake for spinning molecules: Precise control of rotational temperature of molecular ions for lab-based astrochemistry

The precise control of the rotational temperature of molecular ions opens up new possibilities for laboratory based astrochemistry Chemical reactions taking place in outer space can now be more easily studied on Earth An international ... - Read More

Noble gas molecule discovered in space

Gas, Space
A molecule containing a noble gas has been discovered in space by a team including astronomers from Cardiff University The find was made using a Cardiff led instrument aboard Europe's Herschel Space Observatory The molecule ... - Read More

Tracking fracking pollution

As a result of the fracking revolution North America has overtaken Saudi Arabia as the world's largest producer of oil and gas This despite endless protests from environmentalists But does drilling for natural gas really ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Researching New Detectors for Chemical, Biological Threats

typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More

Behavior of turbulent flow of superfluids is opposite that of ordinary fluids

Physics, Physics
A superfluid moves like a completely frictionless liquid seemingly able to propel itself without any hindrance from gravity or surface tension The physics underlying these materials which appear to defy the conventional laws of physics ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Noble gases hitch a ride on hydrous minerals

Minerals, Minerals
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Cool electron acceleration: Electron pulses from laser accelerator

Electron, Electron, Electron
Physicists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics produced electron pulses from a laser accelerator whose individual particles all have nearly the same tuneable energy Electrons with a velocity close to the speed of ... - Read More

Cool electron acceleration

Electron, Electron, Electron
Physicists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics produced electron pulses from a laser accelerator whose individual particles all have nearly the same tuneable energy Electrons with a velocity close to the speed of ... - Read More

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction

molecules
Every chemist's dream to snap an atomic scale picture of a chemical before and after it reacts has now come true thanks to a new technique developed by chemists and physicists at the University of ... - Read More
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