A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More
A study of the thermodynamic properties of copper connections uncovers a route to improving the reliability of electronic devices One in five electronic device failures is a result of corrosion Bonds the metal connections that ... - Read More
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More
Rice University scientists have found they can control the bonds between atoms in a molecule The molecule in question is carbon 60 also known as the buckminsterfullerene and the buckyball discovered at Rice in 1985. ... - Read More
Power plants that use natural gas and a new technology to squeeze more energy from the fuel release far less of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide than coal fired power plants do according to a ... - Read More
The Norwegian project Modelling assisted Innovation for the Aluminium DC Casting Process MINAC has developed modelling tools that show the impact of even minute adjustments to the casting process on casthouse products The aluminium industry ... - Read More
A micro CHP system is a small heat engine that provides all the power for a home heating ventilation air conditioning and electricity Many times the electricity generated can be sold to the grid using ... - Read More
but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature Scientists found global climate ... - Read More
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More
Scientists from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and other international collaborators have proposed a system of mirrors processed lunar soil and a heat engine to provide energy to vehicles and crew during the lunar night ... - Read More
Researchers at Aalto University have developed a method of selection of new surface treatment processes for orthopaedic and dental implants to reduce the risk of infection Implants are commonly made from metals such as titanium ... - Read More
All good research breaks new ground but rarely does the research unearth truths that challenge the foundation of a science That's what Artem R Oganov has done and the professor of theoretical crystallography in the ... - Read More
that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More
Scientists from the Hamburg Center for Free Electron Laser Science have devised a novel way to boil water in less than a trillionth of a second The theoretical concept which has not yet been demonstrated ... - Read More
Ribbons of ultrathin graphene combined with polyurethane paint meant for cars is just right for deicing sensitive military radar domes according to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour in collaboration ... - Read More
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More
Researchers are developing a new kind of geothermal power plant that will lock away unwanted carbon dioxide CO2 underground and use it as a tool to boost electric power generation by at least 10 times ... - Read More
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More
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