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News articles about "Heat"

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Improvements in fuel cell design

Fuel cells could possibly replace the batteries of mobile phones and laptop computers and the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country is looking at ways of enhancing their efficiency Researchers in the renewable energy ... - Read More

Continuous fabrication system for highly aligned polymer films provides method for tuning mechanical and thermal properties in bulk polymers

A team of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT in Cambridge MA have demonstrated a novel automated fabrication process consisting of a three step sol gel extrusion structure freezing and drying and mechanical ... - Read More

'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health

A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois ... - Read More

Skin pigment renders sun's UV radiation harmless using projectiles

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays The skin pigment converts the UV ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More

Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free

Rice University scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass The new work by Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues ... - Read More

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More

Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero

Heat drives classical phase transitions think solid liquid and gas but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable where quantum mechanics reigns subtle fluctuations ... - Read More

'Talking' and 'listening' to atoms: Scientists make acoustic waves couple to an artificial atom

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology are first to show the use of sound to communicate with an artificial atom They can thereby demonstrate phenomena from quantum physics with sound taking on the role of ... - Read More

The biomethane market needs clear frame conditions for further growth, experts urge

Biomethane as a substitute for the fossil energy carrier natural gas offers a variety of options and applications for a sustainable energy supply Nevertheless a consequent market penetration is still pending because of a lack ... - Read More

Researchers watch lipid molecules in motion

Researchers from Göttingen in collaboration with colleagues from Augsburg have 'filmed' the movement of lipid molecules using an X ray stroboscope at DESY In the scientific journal Physical Review Letters researchers lead by Professor Tim ... - Read More

More efficient fuel cells for vehicles: Angling chromium to let oxygen through

Researchers have been trying to increase the efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells by lowering the temperatures at which they run More efficient fuel cells might gain wider use in vehicles or as quiet pollution ... - Read More

How conversion of forests to cropland affects climate

The conversion of forests into cropland worldwide has triggered an atmospheric change that while seldom considered in climate models has had a net cooling effect on global temperatures according to a new Yale study Writing ... - Read More

Doped graphene nanoribbons with potential

Graphene possesses many outstanding properties it conducts heat and electricity it is transparent harder than diamond and extremely strong But in order to use it to construct electronic switches a material must not only be ... - Read More

Titania-based material holds promise as new insulator for superconductors

Research from North Carolina State University shows that a type of modified titania or titanium dioxide holds promise as an electrical insulator for superconducting magnets allowing heat to dissipate while preserving the electrical paths along ... - Read More

Seeing below the surface: Ultra-thin, high-speed detector captures unprecedented range of light waves

New research at the University of Maryland could lead to a generation of light detectors that can see below the surface of bodies walls and other objects Using the special properties of graphene a two ... - Read More

Rethinking the Basic Science of Graphene Synthesis

Released 5 Sep 2014 9 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Sep 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Penn State Materials Research Institute more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

New analytical technology reveals 'nanomechanical' surface traits

A new research platform uses a laser to measure the nanomechanical properties of tiny structures undergoing stress and heating an approach likely to yield insights to improve designs for microelectronics and batteries This new technique ... - Read More
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