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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Heat"

Superconducting circuits, simplified

Computer chips with superconducting circuits circuits with zero electrical resistance would be 50 to 100 times as energy efficient as today's chips an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

Power of thorium for improved nuclear design explored by scientists

The UK is playing a key role in an international project to develop a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer more cost effective compact quicker and less disruptive to build than ... - Read More

Electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package

Using 3 D printing and novel semiconductors researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a power inverter that could make electric vehicles lighter more powerful and more efficient At the ... - Read More

Variable glass coatings to stop condensation on windows

Thin film coatings impart new properties to glass in applications as diverse as window glazing solar cells and touchscreens With the Megatron® sputtering system it is now possible for the first time to vary the ... - Read More

Engineering new, efficient vehicle powertrains

Car engines whether driven by gasoline diesel or electricity waste an abundance of energy Researchers are working on ways to stem this wastefulness Ultramodern test facilities are helping them to optimize the entire development process ... - Read More

More efficient transformer materials

Almost every electronic device contains a transformer An important material used in their construction is electrical steel Researchers have found a way to improve the performance of electrical steel and manufacture it more efficiently using ... - Read More

Electrically conductive plastics promising for batteries, transparent solar cells

An emerging class of electrically conductive plastics called radical polymers may bring low cost transparent solar cells flexible and lightweight batteries and ultrathin antistatic coatings for consumer electronics and aircraft Researchers have established the solid ... - Read More

A cost-effective and energy-efficient approach to carbon capture

Carbon capture is a process by which waste carbon dioxide CO2 released by factories and power plants is collected and stored away in order to reduce global carbon emissions There are two major ways of ... - Read More

Fusion reactor concept could be cheaper than coal

Fusion energy almost sounds too good to be true zero greenhouse gas emissions no long lived radioactive waste a nearly unlimited fuel supply Perhaps the biggest roadblock to adopting fusion energy is that the economics ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from air

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Improvements in fuel cell design

Fuel cells could possibly replace the batteries of mobile phones and laptop computers and the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country is looking at ways of enhancing their efficiency Researchers in the renewable energy ... - Read More

Continuous fabrication system for highly aligned polymer films provides method for tuning mechanical and thermal properties in bulk polymers

A team of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT in Cambridge MA have demonstrated a novel automated fabrication process consisting of a three step sol gel extrusion structure freezing and drying and mechanical ... - Read More

'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health

A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois ... - Read More

Skin pigment renders sun's UV radiation harmless using projectiles

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays The skin pigment converts the UV ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More

Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free

Rice University scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass The new work by Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues ... - Read More

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More
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