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News articles about "Greenhouse gases"

Carbon-trapping 'sponges' can cut greenhouse gases

In the fight against global warming carbon capture chemically trapping carbon dioxide before it releases into the atmosphere is gaining momentum but standard methods are plagued by toxicity corrosiveness and inefficiency Using a bag of ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More

Looking at El Niño's past to predict its future

The El Niño Southern Oscillation is Earth's main source of year to year climate variability but its response to global warming remains highly uncertain Scientists see a large amount of variability in the El Niño ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall

Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

Combing the atmosphere to measure greenhouse gases

By remotely combing the atmosphere with a custom laser based instrument researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST in collaboration with researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA have developed ... - Read More

Solar activity impacts polar ozone

The increase in greenhouse gases explains to a large extent the rise in the average temperature of Earth According to the research study published in Nature Communications today the Sun affects middle atmosphere ozone with ... - Read More

More accurate model for greenhouse gases from peatlands

Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have created a new model to more accurately describe the greenhouse gases likely to be released from Arctic peatlands as they warm Their findings ... - Read More

Atmosphere in northern hemisphere has lower self-cleaning capacity than previously thought

Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed An international research team that includes researchers from Wageningen University established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl OH is ... - Read More

How conversion of forests to cropland affects climate

The conversion of forests into cropland worldwide has triggered an atmospheric change that while seldom considered in climate models has had a net cooling effect on global temperatures according to a new Yale study Writing ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans, WMO report finds

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013 propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide This is according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas ... - Read More

To clean air and beyond: Catching greenhouse gases with advanced membranes

Researchers in Japan have engineered a membrane with advanced features capable of removing harmful greenhouse gases from the atmosphere Their findings published in the British journal Nature Communications may one day contribute to lower greenhouse ... - Read More

Southwest U.S. may face 'megadrought' this century

Because of global warming scientists say the chances of the southwestern United States experiencing a decade long drought is at least 50 percent and the chances of a megadrought one that lasts over 30 years ... - Read More

Best-ever efficiency points to clean, green gas-diesel engine

The one cylinder test engine in the basement of a University of Wisconsin Madison lab is connected to a life support system of pipes tubes ducts and cables You might think that the engine resembles ... - Read More

Efficient structures help build a sustainable future

When envisioning a new structure engineers often have to balance design choices against the environmental impact of materials used It is estimated that 40 to 50 percent of greenhouse gases are produced by the construction ... - Read More

Fuel cells for powering homes

One of the applications that fuel cells may have is the supplying of homes with electrical power When considering applications of this type that call for greater power a research group in the UPV EHU's ... - Read More

Kudzu can release soil carbon, accelerate global warming

Clemson University scientists are shedding new light on how invasion by exotic plant species affects the ability of soil to store greenhouse gases The research could have far reaching implications for how we manage agricultural ... - Read More

Hollow optical fibers for UV light

If you want to send light on a trip through optical fibres with as little loss as possible you should opt for infrared light as is the case for example in the telecommunication networks worldwide ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More
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