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News articles about "Glucose"

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ... - Read More

Oxygen consumption of individual cells measured: Scanning electrochemical microscopy decisively optimized

Electrochemical, Oxygen , Microscopy
How active a living cell is can be seen by its oxygen consumption The method for determining this consumption has now been significantly improved by chemists in Bochum The problem up to now was that ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

Just what makes that little old ant… change a flower's nectar content?

sugar
Ants play a variety of important roles in many ecosystems As frequent visitors to flowers they can benefit plants in their role as pollinators when they forage on sugar rich nectar However a new study ... - Read More

Long-term exposure to fine particles of traffic pollution increases risk of heart disease

The association between road traffic and heart disease has been suggested in several studies In 2012 a large prospective cohort study from Denmark showed that traffic noise was significantly associated with risk of heart attack ... - Read More

Nanoparticles found in everyday items can inhibit fat storage: Gold nanoparticles accelerate aging

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
New research reveals that pure gold nanoparticles found in everyday items such as personal care products as well as drug delivery MRI contrast agents and solar cells can inhibit adipose fat storage and lead to ... - Read More

Plant protein shape puzzle solved by molecular 3-D model

Molecular, Plant, plant, molecular
Researchers from North Carolina State University believe they have solved a puzzle that has vexed science since plants first appeared on Earth Share This See Also Endangered Plants Botany Biology Biochemistry Materials Science Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More

Lights, chemistry, action: New method for mapping brain activity

Chemistry, Chemistry, Chemistry
Building on their history of innovative brain imaging techniques scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators have developed a new way to use light and chemistry to map brain ... - Read More

New Evidence That Natural Substances in Green Coffee Beans Help Control Blood Sugar Levels

Scientists today described evidence that natural substances extracted from unroasted coffee beans can help control the elevated blood sugar levels and body weight that underpin type 2 diabetes Their presentation on chlorogenic acids ― widely ... - Read More

'Chemistry of the Bar' Symposium Focuses on New Orleans' Hurricane Cocktail and More

Call their taste and effects appealing or appalling no matter In a city that claims credit for invention of the cocktail the Hurricane Sazerac Pimm’s Cup Bayou Bash Hand Grenade Ramos Gin Fizz and other ... - Read More

Sweet success: Catalyzing more sugars from biomass

sugars
Catalysis may initiate almost all modern industrial manufacturing processes but catalytic activity on solid surfaces is poorly understood This is especially true for the cellulase enzymes used to release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass for ... - Read More

Biological transistor enables computing within living cells

When Charles Babbage prototyped the first computing machine in the 19th century he imagined using mechanical gears and latches to control information ENIAC the first modern computer developed in the 1940s used vacuum tubes and ... - Read More

New cancer diagnostic technique debuts

Cancer cells break down sugars and produce the metabolic acid lactate at a much higher rate than normal cells This phenomenon provides a telltale sign that cancer is present via diagnostics such as PET scans ... - Read More

Engineering cells for more efficient biofuel production

In the search for renewable alternatives to gasoline heavy alcohols such as isobutanol are promising candidates Not only do they contain more energy than ethanol but they are also more compatible with existing gasoline based ... - Read More

How predictable is evolution?

Bacteria, bacteria
Understanding how and why diversification occurs is important for understanding why there are so many species on Earth In a new study published on 19 February in the open access journal PLOS Biology researchers show ... - Read More

Slow-release 'jelly' delivers drugs better

Duke University biomedical engineers have developed a new delivery system that overcomes the shortcomings of a promising class of peptide drugs very small proteins for treating diseases such as diabetes and cancer Share This See ... - Read More

Nutrient-Sensing Enzymes Key to Starvation Response and Survival in Newborn Mammals

that there is no backup system ” says Efeyan “And that RagA is a more global nutrient sensor that goes beyond its known function as an amino acid sensor ” RagA’s role as an amino ... - Read More
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