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News articles about "Geoscience"

Global cooling as significant as global warming, study of marine ecosystems during Cretaceous period shows

Ecosystems
A cold snap 116 million years ago triggered a similar marine ecosystem crisis to the ones witnessed in the past as a result of global warming according to research published in Nature Geoscience The international ... - Read More

Noble gases hitch a ride on hydrous minerals

Minerals, Minerals
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More

Leakage of carbon from land to rivers, lakes, estuaries and coastal regions revealed

Carbon, carbon
When carbon is emitted by human activities into the atmosphere it is generally thought that about half remains in the atmosphere and the remainder is stored in the oceans and on land New research suggests ... - Read More

Acceleration of ocean denitrification during deglaciation documented

As ice sheets melted during the deglaciation of the last ice age and global oceans warmed oceanic oxygen levels decreased and denitrification accelerated by 30 to 120 percent a new international study shows creating oxygen ... - Read More

Climate researchers discover new rhythm for El Niño

Climate, climate
El Niño wreaks havoc across the globe shifting weather patterns that spawn droughts in some regions and floods in others The impacts of this tropical Pacific climate phenomenon are well known and documented A mystery ... - Read More

Amazon River exhales virtually all carbon taken up by rainforest

Carbon, carbon
The Amazon rain forest popularly known as the lungs of the planet inhales carbon dioxide as it exudes oxygen Plants use carbon dioxide from the air to grow parts that eventually fall to the ground ... - Read More

Earth's iron core is surprisingly weak

earth, Earth
Researchers have used a diamond anvil cell to squeeze iron at pressures as high as 3 million times that felt at sea level to recreate conditions at the center of Earth The findings could refine ... - Read More

Brighter clouds, cooler climate? Organic vapors affect clouds, leading to previously unidentified climate cooling

Climate, climate
University of Manchester scientists writing in the journal Nature Geoscience have shown that natural emissions and humanmade pollutants can both have an unexpected cooling effect on Earth's climate by making clouds brighter Clouds are made ... - Read More

As climate changes, boreal forests to shift north and relinquish more carbon than expected

Carbon, Climate, climate, carbon
It's difficult to imagine how a degree or two of warming will affect a location Will it rain less What will happen to the area's vegetation New Berkeley Lab research offers a way to envision ... - Read More

First snapshot of organisms eating each other: Feast clue to smell of ancient Earth

Smell
Tiny 1 900 million year old fossils from rocks around Lake Superior Canada give the first ever snapshot of organisms eating each other and suggest what the ancient Earth would have smelled like Share This ... - Read More

Scientists investigate release of bromine in polar regions

Ozone, Ozone
The chemical element bromine whose compounds contribute significantly to the depletion of ozone in the lower atmosphere is also released in polar regions to a great extent from snow on land This is the result ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Ocean nutrients a key component of future change, say scientists

Ocean, Ocean
Variations in nutrient availability in the world's oceans could be a vital component of future environmental change according to a multi author review paper involving the National Oceanography Centre Southampton NOCS Share This See Also ... - Read More

Rapid climate change and the role of the Southern Ocean

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
Scientists from Cardiff University and the University of Barcelona have discovered new clues about past rapid climate change Share This See Also Global Warming Oceanography Climate Earth Science Geography Geochemistry Carbon cycle Ocean acidification Phytoplankton ... - Read More

Air pollution stunts coral growth

Pollution, Pollution
A new study has found that pollution from fine particles in the air mainly the result of burning coal or volcanic eruptions can shade corals from sunlight and cool the surrounding water resulting in reduced ... - Read More

Highly effective communities of bacteria in the world's deepest oceanic trench

An international research team announces the first scientific results from one of the most inaccessible places on Earth the bottom of the Mariana Trench located nearly 11 kilometers below sea level in the western Pacific ... - Read More

Ocean plankton sponge up nearly twice the carbon currently assumed

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
Models of carbon dioxide in the world's oceans need to be revised according to new work by UC Irvine and other scientists published online Sunday in Nature Geoscience Trillions of plankton near the surface of ... - Read More

Glaciers contribute significant iron to North Atlantic Ocean

Ocean, Ocean
All living organisms rely on iron as an essential nutrient In the ocean iron's abundance or scarcity means all the difference as it fuels the growth of plankton the base of the ocean's food web ... - Read More

Are tropical forests resilient to global warming?

Tropical forests are less likely to lose biomass plants and plant material in response to greenhouse gas emissions over the twenty first century than may previously have been thought suggests a study published online this ... - Read More

How the Ocean loses nitrogen: Scientists identify key factor that controls nitrogen availability in the Ocean

Ocean, Nitrogen, nitrogen, Ocean
During an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen along with their colleagues from the GEOMAR and Christian Albrechts University in Kiel discovered that organic ... - Read More
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