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News articles about "Geoscience"

High carbon dioxide levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Buried fossil soils found to be awash in carbon

Soils that formed on Earth's surface thousands of years ago and that are now deeply buried features of vanished landscapes have been found to be rich in carbon adding a new dimension to our planet's ... - Read More

Fate of methane following Deepwater Horizon spill examined by researchers

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Ozone levels drop 20 percent with switch from ethanol to gasoline

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo Brazil to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible fuel vehicles local ozone ... - Read More

More accurate data on thousands of years of climate change

Using a cutting edge research technique UCLA researchers have reconstructed the temperature history of a region that plays a major role in determining climate around the world The findings published online Feb 27 in the ... - Read More

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic

Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1000 years according to researchers at Cardiff University The study found that changes in the Sun's ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More

Four new human-made ozone depleting gases found in the atmosphere

Scientists at the University of East Anglia have identified four new human made gases in the atmosphere all of which are contributing to the destruction of the ozone layer New research published today in the ... - Read More

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More

Rethinking massive iceberg shifts in North Atlantic

Some Heinrich events periodic massive iceberg surges into the North Atlantic that were previously thought to have weakened the global ocean conveyor belt circulation and sent Earth's climate into the deep freeze may actually have ... - Read More

High levels of molecular chlorine found in arctic atmosphere

Atmosphere, Atmosphere, molecular, Molecular
Scientists studying the atmosphere above Barrow Alaska have discovered unprecedented levels of molecular chlorine in the air a new study reports Molecular chlorine from sea salt released by melting sea ice reacts with sunlight to ... - Read More

Astronomers solve temperature mystery of planetary atmospheres

Astronomers
An atmospheric peculiarity Earth shares with Jupiter Saturn Uranus and Neptune is likely common to billions of planets University of Washington astronomers have found and knowing that may help in the search for potentially habitable ... - Read More

Even if emissions stop, carbon dioxide could warm Earth for centuries

Emissions
Even if carbon dioxide emissions came to a sudden halt the carbon dioxide already in Earth's atmosphere could continue to warm our planet for hundreds of years according to Princeton University led research published in ... - Read More

Oxygen, phosphorus and early life on Earth

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More

Evidence found for granite on Mars: Red Planet more more geologically complex than thought

Complex, Granite, Mars
Researchers now have stronger evidence of granite on Mars and a new theory for how the granite an igneous rock common on Earth could have formed there according to a new study The findings suggest ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Ocean fish acquire more mercury at depth

fish, Mercury
Mercury a common industrial toxin is carried through the atmosphere before settling on the ocean and entering the marine food web Now exciting new research from the University of Michigan and the University of Hawai'i ... - Read More

Rocks can restore our climate ... after 300,000 years

A study of a global warming event that happened 93 million years ago suggests that the Earth can recover from high carbon dioxide emissions faster than thought but that this process takes around 300 000 ... - Read More
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