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News articles about "Geoscience"

No limit to life in sediment of ocean's deadest region

An international team of scientists led by a University of Rhode Island oceanographer has found oxygen and oxygen breathing microbes all the way through the sediment from the seafloor to the igneous basement at seven ... - Read More

Frequency of tornadoes, hail linked to El Niño, La Niña

Climate scientists can spot El Niño and La Niña conditions developing months ahead of time and they use this knowledge to make more accurate forecasts of droughts flooding and even hurricane activity around the world ... - Read More

New information helps predict future climate change impacts on global tropics

Researchers at the University of Montana Princeton University Stanford University and Rutgers University among others are collecting new measurements of tropical forests to gain a better understanding of how they respond to seasonal climate variations ... - Read More

New ozone-destroying gases on the rise; not controlled by treaty

Scientists report that chemicals that are not controlled by a United Nations treaty designed to protect the Ozone Layer are contributing to ozone depletion In the new study published today in Nature Geoscience the scientists ... - Read More

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

Melting glaciers have big carbon impact

As Earth warms and glaciers all over the world begin to melt researchers and public policy experts have focused largely on how all of that extra water will contribute to sea level rise But another ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Coral reveals long-term link between Pacific winds, global climate

New research indicates that shifts in Pacific trade winds played a key role in twentieth century climate variation a sign that they may again be influencing global temperatures The study led by scientists at the ... - Read More

Chemists identify role of soil in pollution control

Scientists have long known that air pollution caused by cars and trucks solvent use and even plants is reduced when broken down by naturally occurring compounds that act like detergents of the atmosphere What has ... - Read More

Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions

Research has identified for the first time how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted A team of researchers from the universities of Southampton Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical ... - Read More

Deep-Earth carbon offers clues on origin of life: New organic carbon species linked to formation of diamonds -- and life itself

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet ... - Read More

Robotic ocean gliders aid study of melting polar ice

The rapidly melting ice sheets on the coast of West Antarctica are a potential major contributor to rising ocean levels worldwide Although warm water near the coast is thought to be the main factor causing ... - Read More

Karakoram glacier anomaly resolved, a cold case of climate science

Researchers from Princeton University and other institutions may have hit upon an answer to a climate change puzzle that has eluded scientists for years and that could help understand the future availability of water for ... - Read More

Air pollution increases river-flows, study shows

A study published in Nature Geoscience shows that air pollution has had a significant impact on the amount of water flowing through many rivers in the northern hemisphere The paper shows how such pollution known ... - Read More

High carbon dioxide levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Buried fossil soils found to be awash in carbon

Soils that formed on Earth's surface thousands of years ago and that are now deeply buried features of vanished landscapes have been found to be rich in carbon adding a new dimension to our planet's ... - Read More

Fate of methane following Deepwater Horizon spill examined by researchers

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Ozone levels drop 20 percent with switch from ethanol to gasoline

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo Brazil to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible fuel vehicles local ozone ... - Read More
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