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News articles about "Geology"

Groundwater unaffected by shale gas production in Arkansas

A new study by scientists at Duke University and the U S Geological Survey USGS finds no evidence of groundwater contamination from shale gas production in Arkansas Our results show no discernible impairment of groundwater ... - Read More

Geologists study mystery of 'eternal flames'

Geologists
Eternal flames fueled by hydrocarbon gas could shine a light on the presence of natural gas in underground rock layers and conditions that let it seep to the surface according to research by geologists at ... - Read More

Potential of best practice to reduce impacts from oil and gas projects in the Amazon

Gas
Hydrocarbon exploration and production continues to press into the most remote corners of the western Amazon one of the most biologically and culturally diverse zones on Earth A new best practice framework that combines technical ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Unique sulfur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of archean crust

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” says Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in BU’s ... - Read More

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive New research from a team including Carnegie's Erik ... - Read More

Unique Sulfur Isotopes in Plume Lavas Reveal Deep Mantle Storage of Archean Crust

Founded in 1839 Boston University is an internationally recognized private research university with more than 30 000 students participating in undergraduate graduate and professional programs As Boston University’s largest academic division the College and Graduate ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

New technique measures evaporation globally

Evaporation
Researchers at Columbia Engineering and Boston University have developed the first method to map evaporation globally using weather stations which will help scientists evaluate water resource management assess recent trends of evaporation throughout the globe ... - Read More

Urban grass might be greener, but that doesn't mean it's 'greener'

Carbon, carbon
New research from the University of Cincinnati shows how some things you do to make your lawn green might not be conducive to going green Share This See Also Nature Soil Types Extreme Survival Global ... - Read More

Surprising predictor of ecosystem chemistry

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Carnegie scientists have found that the plant species making up an ecosystem are better predictors of ecosystem chemistry than environmental conditions such as terrain geology or altitude This is the first study using a new ... - Read More

NASA flies radar south on wide-ranging expedition

NASA
A versatile NASA airborne imaging radar system is showcasing its broad scientific prowess for studying our home planet during a month long expedition over the Americas Share This See Also Earth Science Geology Global Warming ... - Read More

Origin of life: Power behind primordial soup discovered

Earth, earth
Researchers at the University of Leeds may have solved a key puzzle about how objects from space could have kindled life on Earth Share This See Also Geochemistry Near Earth Object Impacts Origin of Life ... - Read More

A comet, not an asteroid, may have killed the dinosaurs, experts propose

Earth, earth
In a geological moment about 66 million years ago something killed off almost all the dinosaurs and some 70 percent of all other species living on Earth Only those dinosaurs related to birds appear to ... - Read More

Huge and widespread volcanic eruptions triggered the end-Triassic extinction

Earth, earth
More than 200 million years ago a massive extinction decimated 76 percent of marine and terrestrial species marking the end of the Triassic period and the onset of the Jurassic This devastating event cleared the ... - Read More

Los Alamos science sleuth on the trail of a Martian mystery

Science, Science
When it comes to examining the surface of rocks on Mars with a high powered laser five is a magic number for Los Alamos National Laboratory postdoctoral researcher Nina Lanza Share This See Also Nature ... - Read More

Computer models show how deep carbon could return to Earth's surface

Carbon, Earth, carbon, earth
Computer simulations of water under extreme pressure are helping geochemists understand how carbon might be recycled from hundreds of miles below Earth's surface Share This See Also Earth Science Geology Geochemistry Global Warming Water Environmental ... - Read More

Life deep within oceanic crust sustained by energy from interior of Earth

Crust
The core drill slides through a drill pipe extending from the drill ship at the sea surface through a water depth of 2.5 km and hundreds of metres of sediment into the oceanic crust off ... - Read More
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