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News articles about "Geology"

Three-billion-year-old microfossils include plankton

Carbon, carbon
Spindle shaped inclusions in three billion year old rocks are microfossils of plankton that probably inhabited the oceans around the globe during that time according to an international team of researchers It is surprising to ... - Read More

Life-producing phosphorus carried to Earth by meteorites

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Scientists may not know for certain whether life exists in outer space but new research from a team of scientists led by a University of South Florida astrobiologist now shows that one key element that ... - Read More

Disappearance of stromatolites, earliest visible manifestation of life: Ancient enigma solved?

Structure, Structure
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Scientists find possible solution to an ancient enigma

Solution
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Geochemist aids development of geologic time scale for study of Earth's history

Time
A Boise State University researcher has taken a lead role in developing the most current timetable on Earth's geologic history Geochemist Mark Schmitz is one of four editors on The Geologic Time Scale 2012 or ... - Read More

Reading rock to understand how climate change unfolds

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
What happened the last time a vegetated Earth shifted from an extremely cold climate to desert like conditions And what does it tell us about climate change today John Isbell is on a quest to ... - Read More

Groundwater unaffected by shale gas production in Arkansas

A new study by scientists at Duke University and the U S Geological Survey USGS finds no evidence of groundwater contamination from shale gas production in Arkansas Our results show no discernible impairment of groundwater ... - Read More

Geologists study mystery of 'eternal flames'

Geologists
Eternal flames fueled by hydrocarbon gas could shine a light on the presence of natural gas in underground rock layers and conditions that let it seep to the surface according to research by geologists at ... - Read More

Potential of best practice to reduce impacts from oil and gas projects in the Amazon

Gas
Hydrocarbon exploration and production continues to press into the most remote corners of the western Amazon one of the most biologically and culturally diverse zones on Earth A new best practice framework that combines technical ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Unique sulfur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of archean crust

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” says Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in BU’s ... - Read More

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive New research from a team including Carnegie's Erik ... - Read More

Unique Sulfur Isotopes in Plume Lavas Reveal Deep Mantle Storage of Archean Crust

Founded in 1839 Boston University is an internationally recognized private research university with more than 30 000 students participating in undergraduate graduate and professional programs As Boston University’s largest academic division the College and Graduate ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

New technique measures evaporation globally

Evaporation
Researchers at Columbia Engineering and Boston University have developed the first method to map evaporation globally using weather stations which will help scientists evaluate water resource management assess recent trends of evaporation throughout the globe ... - Read More

Urban grass might be greener, but that doesn't mean it's 'greener'

Carbon, carbon
New research from the University of Cincinnati shows how some things you do to make your lawn green might not be conducive to going green Share This See Also Nature Soil Types Extreme Survival Global ... - Read More

Surprising predictor of ecosystem chemistry

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Carnegie scientists have found that the plant species making up an ecosystem are better predictors of ecosystem chemistry than environmental conditions such as terrain geology or altitude This is the first study using a new ... - Read More

NASA flies radar south on wide-ranging expedition

NASA
A versatile NASA airborne imaging radar system is showcasing its broad scientific prowess for studying our home planet during a month long expedition over the Americas Share This See Also Earth Science Geology Global Warming ... - Read More
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