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News articles about "Geology"

Oxygen-depleted toxic oceans had key role in mass extinction over 200 million years ago

Changes in the biochemical balance of the ocean were a crucial factor in the end Triassic mass extinction during which half of all plant animal and marine life on Earth perished according to new research ... - Read More

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

Lightning plus volcanic ash make glass

In their open access paper for Geology Kimberly Genareau and colleagues propose for the first time a mechanism for the generation of glass spherules in geologic deposits through the occurrence of volcanic lightning The existence ... - Read More

The Making of a Geochemist: Q&A with Andrew Stack

interview by Dawn Levy IMAGE 1 2015 P00289CAPTION CREDITAndrew Stack of Oak Ridge National Laboratory calls on his expertise in geology chemistry and computing to advance understanding of the dynamics of minerals underground Image credit ... - Read More

Lasting severe weather impact found in feathers of young birds

While studying a ground nesting bird population near El Reno Okla a University of Oklahoma led research team found that stress during a severe weather outbreak of May 31 2013 had manifested itself into malformations ... - Read More

Chemical analysis of ancient rocks reveals earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere: Isotopic memory of atmospheric persistence

Chemical analysis of some of the world's oldest rocks by an international team led by McGill University researchers has provided the earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere The results show that the air 4 billion ... - Read More

Did the Anthropocene begin with the nuclear age?

Scientists identify July 16 1945 as key time boundary in Earth history An international group of scientists has proposed a start date for the dawn of the Anthropocene a new chapter in the Earth's geological ... - Read More

Storing hydrogen underground could boost transportation, energy security

Large scale storage of low pressure gaseous hydrogen in salt caverns and other underground sites for transportation fuel and grid scale energy applications offers several advantages over above ground storage says a recent Sandia National ... - Read More

Massive geographic change may have triggered explosion of animal life

A new analysis of geologic history may help solve the riddle of the Cambrian explosion the rapid diversification of animal life in the fossil record 530 million years ago that has puzzled scientists since the ... - Read More

A unique approach to monitoring groundwater supplies near Ohio fracking sites

A University of Cincinnati research project is taking a groundbreaking approach to monitoring groundwater resources near fracking sites in Ohio Claire Botner a UC graduate student in geology will outline the project at The Geological ... - Read More

Environmental costs, health risks, and benefits of fracking examined

A strange thing happened on the way to dealing with climate change Advances in hydraulic fracturing put trillions of dollars' worth of previously unreachable oil and natural gas within humanity's grasp The environmental costs and ... - Read More

U.S. cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'

Most people think of city landscapes as simpler diminished versions of the wild forests and free flowing streams found in remote places But in a series of studies published Sept 10 2014 in a special ... - Read More

US cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'

Most people think of city landscapes as simpler diminished versions of the wild forests and free flowing streams found in remote places But in a series of studies published Sept 10 2014 in a special ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds are forever: Did comet collision leave layer of nanodiamonds across Earth?

Most of North America's megafauna mastodons short faced bears giant ground sloths saber toothed cats and American camels and horses disappeared close to 13 000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene period The ... - Read More

Latest in Crystal Research: Chemistry, Physics, Pharmaceuticals, and More

Released 4 Aug 2014 2 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Aug 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Newswise more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Newswise Live EventLive ... - Read More

Ancient Arctic sharks tolerated brackish water 50 million years ago

Sharks were a tolerant bunch some 50 million years ago cruising an Arctic Ocean that contained about the same percentage of freshwater as Louisiana's Lake Ponchatrain does today says a new study involving the University ... - Read More

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

On the shoulder of a giant: Precursor volcano to the island of O'ahu discovered

Researchers from the University of Hawai'i Mānoa UHM Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environment France and Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute recently discovered that O'ahu actually consists of three major Hawaiian shield volcanoes ... - Read More

Today's Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida

Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st century Florida heat according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures ... - Read More
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