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News articles about "Geochemistry"

Carbon cycle: Four cells turn seabed microbiology upside down

Carbon, carbon, cells, cells
Single celled archaea are invisible to the naked eye and even when using a microscope great care must be taken to observe them An international team of researchers led by the Center for Geomicrobiology Aarhus ... - Read More

Clean electricity from bacteria? Researchers make breakthrough in race to create 'bio-batteries'

Bacteria, bacteria
Scientists at the University of East Anglia have made an important breakthrough in the quest to generate clean electricity from bacteria Share This See Also Bacteria Microbes and More Electricity Energy Technology Energy and the ... - Read More

Breakthrough could lead to cheaper, more sustainable chemical production

Chemical, Chemical, chemical, chemical
A key advance newly reported by chemists from Brown and Yale Universities could lead to a cheaper and more sustainable way to make acrylate an important commodity chemical used to make materials from polyester fabrics ... - Read More

Global nitrogen availability consistent for past 500 years linked to carbon levels

Carbon, Nitrogen, nitrogen, carbon
A Kansas State University research team has found that despite humans increasing nitrogen production through industrialization nitrogen availability in many ecosystems has remained steady for the past 500 years Their work appears in the journal ... - Read More

Computer models show how deep carbon could return to Earth's surface

Carbon, Earth, carbon, earth
Computer simulations of water under extreme pressure are helping geochemists understand how carbon might be recycled from hundreds of miles below Earth's surface Share This See Also Earth Science Geology Geochemistry Global Warming Water Environmental ... - Read More

Life deep within oceanic crust sustained by energy from interior of Earth

Crust
The core drill slides through a drill pipe extending from the drill ship at the sea surface through a water depth of 2.5 km and hundreds of metres of sediment into the oceanic crust off ... - Read More

Glaciers contribute significant iron to North Atlantic Ocean

Ocean, Ocean
All living organisms rely on iron as an essential nutrient In the ocean iron's abundance or scarcity means all the difference as it fuels the growth of plankton the base of the ocean's food web ... - Read More

Pittsburgh's leaky faucet: How aging sewers are impacting urban watersheds

Nitrogen, nitrogen
Aging sewer systems are spilling a considerable amount of nitrogen into urban watersheds diminishing both the quality of water and ecosystems' habitats However many studies documenting the impacts of nitrogen on urban environs have not ... - Read More

New insights into plant evolution

Plant, plant
New research has uncovered a mechanism that regulates the reproduction of plants providing a possible tool for engineering higher yielding crops In a study published today in Science researchers from Monash University and collaborators in ... - Read More

Mineral diversity clue to early Earth chemistry

Mineral evolution is a new way to look at our planet's history It's the study of the increasing diversity and characteristics of Earth's near surface minerals from the dozen that arrived on interstellar dust particles ... - Read More

Metal ions regulate terpenoid metabolism in insects

Ions, Metabolism
Max Planck scientists in Jena Germany have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in an important secondary metabolism the terpenoid pathway In the horseradish leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae a single enzyme ... - Read More

Toxic oceans may have delayed spread of complex life

Complex, Oceans
A new model suggests that inhospitable hydrodgen sulphide rich waters could have delayed the spread of complex life forms in ancient oceans The research published online this week in the journal Nature Communications considers the ... - Read More

Key component of China's pollution problem: Scale of nitrogen's effect on people and ecosystems revealed

It's no secret that China is faced with some of the world's worst pollution Until now however information on the magnitude scope and impacts of a major contributor to that pollution human caused nitrogen emissions ... - Read More

BPA may affect the developing brain by disrupting gene regulation

developing, BPA
Environmental exposure to bisphenol A BPA a widespread chemical found in plastics and resins may suppress a gene vital to nerve cell function and to the development of the central nervous system according to a ... - Read More

Clues to climate cycles dug from south pole snow pit

Climate, climate
Particles from the upper atmosphere trapped in a deep pile of Antarctic snow hold clear chemical traces of global meteorological events a team from the University of California San Diego and a colleague from France ... - Read More

How the Ocean loses nitrogen: Scientists identify key factor that controls nitrogen availability in the Ocean

Ocean, Nitrogen, nitrogen, Ocean
During an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen along with their colleagues from the GEOMAR and Christian Albrechts University in Kiel discovered that organic ... - Read More

The lifetime journeys of manure-based microbes

ARS
Studies at the U S Department of Agriculture USDA are shedding some light on the microbes that dwell in cattle manure what they are where they thrive where they struggle and where they can end ... - Read More

New way to probe Earth's deep interior proposed

Probe
Researchers from Amherst College and The University of Texas at Austin have described a new technique that might one day reveal in higher detail than ever before the composition and characteristics of the deep Earth ... - Read More

How predictable is evolution?

Bacteria, bacteria
Understanding how and why diversification occurs is important for understanding why there are so many species on Earth In a new study published on 19 February in the open access journal PLOS Biology researchers show ... - Read More

Microbial biorefinery provides new insight into how bacteria regulate genes

Genes, Bacteria, Genes, bacteria
Digesting lignin a highly stable polymer that accounts for up to a third of biomass is a limiting step to producing a variety of biofuels Researchers at Brown have figured out the microscopic chemical switch ... - Read More
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