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News articles about "Gene"

Novel nanometer scaffolds regulate the biological behaviors of neural stem cells

biological, Nanometer
The surface characteristics of nanoscaffolds made by nanotechnology are more similar to the three dimensional topological structure of the extracellular matrix and the effects on the biological behaviors of cells and tissue repair are more ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More

Desktop printing at the nano level

A new low cost high resolution tool is primed to revolutionize how nanotechnology is produced from the desktop according to a new study by Northwestern University researchers Currently most nanofabrication is done in multibillion dollar ... - Read More

Artificial cells to study molecular crowding and gene expression created

The interior of a living cell is a crowded place with proteins and other macromolecules packed tightly together A team of scientists at Carnegie Mellon University has approximated this molecular crowding in an artificial cellular ... - Read More

Novel nanoparticle delivers powerful RNA interference drugs

Silencing genes that have malfunctioned is an important approach for treating diseases such as cancer and heart disease One effective approach is to deliver drugs made from small molecules of ribonucleic acid or RNA which ... - Read More

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Polymer breakthrough inspired by trees and ancient celtic knots

Polymer
A new slow motion method of controlling the synthesis of polymers which takes inspiration from both trees and Celtic Knots opens up new possibilities in areas including medical devices drug delivery elastics and adhesives Scientists ... - Read More

Advance in nanotech gene sequencing technique

Nanotech
The allure of personalized medicine has made new more efficient ways of sequencing genes a top research priority One promising technique involves reading DNA bases using changes in electrical current as they are threaded through ... - Read More

Research On Cilia Heats Up: Implications For Hearing, Vision Loss And Kidney Disease

into molecular signals for the cell so that it can respond appropriately to its environment The signaling molecules inside cilia are tailored to the required responses For example some are proteins that bind to DNA ... - Read More

Lucky bacteria strike it rich during formation of treatment-resistant colonies: Research could help in battle against infections that do not respond to powerful drugs

In biology we often think of natural selection and survival of the fittest What about survival of the luckiest Like pioneers in search of a better life bacteria on a surface wander around and often ... - Read More

Material screening method allows more precise control over stem cells

When it comes to delivering genes to living human tissue the odds of success come down the molecule The entire therapy including the tools used to bring new genetic material into a cell must have ... - Read More

Scientists seek sea urchin's secret to surviving ocean acidification

sea
Stanford scientists have discovered that some purple sea urchins living along the coast of California and Oregon have the surprising ability to rapidly evolve in acidic ocean water a capacity that may come in handy ... - Read More

Population Boom Poses Interconnected Challenges of Energy, Food, Water

we have to move the technology from the bench to the real world so that solutions see the light of day which the industry speakers in the session can address Regulatory policies have to keep ... - Read More

Third-generation device significantly improves capture of circulating tumor cells

tumor
A new system for isolating rare circulating tumor cells CTCs living solid tumor cells found at low levels in the bloodstream shows significant improvement over previously developed devices and does not require prior identification of ... - Read More

How underground rodent wards off cancer: Second mole rat species has different mechanism for resisting cancer

cancer
Biologists at the University of Rochester have determined how blind mole rats fight off cancer and the mechanism differs from what they discovered three years ago in another long lived and cancer resistant mole rat ... - Read More

New technology measures oxygen in individual red blood cells in real time

Oxygen , Time
In an engineering breakthrough a Washington University in St Louis biomedical researcher has discovered a way to use light and color to measure oxygen in individual red blood cells in real time Share This See ... - Read More

Novel insights into the evolution of protein networks

Protein, Protein, protein
System wide networks of proteins are indispensable for organisms Function and evolution of these networks are among the most fascinating research questions in biology Bioinformatician Thomas Rattei University of Vienna and physicist Hernan Makse City ... - Read More
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