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News articles about "Fungi"

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Revealing hidden fungal species using DNA: The importance of recognizing cryptic diversity

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Our ability to assess biological diversity ecosystem health ecological interactions and a wide range of other important processes is largely dependent on accurately recognizing species However identifying and describing species is not always a straightforward ... - Read More

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

The Black Sea is a goldmine of ancient genetic data

sea
When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that ... - Read More

New plant protein discoveries could ease global food and fuel demands

Fuel
New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests increase salt and drought tolerance control water loss and store sugar can have profound implications for ... - Read More

Ecological knowledge offers perspectives for sustainable agriculture

A smart combination of different crops such as beans and maize can significantly cut the use of crop protection agents and at the same time reduce the need for fertilizers Integrating ecological knowledge from nature ... - Read More

Turning algae into clean energy and fish food; helping Africans to irrigate crops

fish, crops
Could algae that feast on wastewater produce clean bio fuels and a healthful supply of fish food Can impoverished African community gardeners learn to use and maintain a simple centuries old non electric water pump ... - Read More

Enzymes From Horse Feces Could Hold Secrets to Streamlining Biofuel Production

led to the identification of literally hundreds of enzymes capable of breaking through that tough lignin in plant cell walls and the cellulose within The team now is shifting through that bounty to identify the ... - Read More

Streams stressed by pharmaceutical pollution

pharmaceutical
Pharmaceuticals commonly found in the environment are disrupting streams with unknown impacts on aquatic life and water quality So reports a new Ecological Applications paper which highlights the ecological cost of pharmaceutical waste and the ... - Read More

Soils in newly forested areas store substantial carbon that could help offset climate change

Carbon, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate, carbon
Surface appearances can be so misleading In most forests the amount of carbon held in soils is substantially greater than the amount contained in the trees themselves Share This See Also Soil Types Organic Nature ... - Read More

Artificial spleen to treat bloodstream infections: Sepsis therapeutic device under development

to treat, Therapeutic
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University announced today that it was awarded a $9.25 million contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DARPA to further advance a blood cleansing technology ... - Read More

Biological transistor enables computing within living cells

When Charles Babbage prototyped the first computing machine in the 19th century he imagined using mechanical gears and latches to control information ENIAC the first modern computer developed in the 1940s used vacuum tubes and ... - Read More

Los Alamos science sleuth on the trail of a Martian mystery

Science, Science
When it comes to examining the surface of rocks on Mars with a high powered laser five is a magic number for Los Alamos National Laboratory postdoctoral researcher Nina Lanza Share This See Also Nature ... - Read More

Novel insights into the evolution of protein networks

Protein, Protein, protein
System wide networks of proteins are indispensable for organisms Function and evolution of these networks are among the most fascinating research questions in biology Bioinformatician Thomas Rattei University of Vienna and physicist Hernan Makse City ... - Read More

Is nanosilver toxic?

According to Finnish Estonian joint research with data obtained on two crustacean species there is apparently no reason to consider silver nanoparticles more dangerous for aquatic ecosystems than silver ions The results were reported in ... - Read More

Fungal cleaning crew: Chemists determine the structure of an enzyme that breaks down dyes

Fungi serve as a kind of natural cleaning crew for the ecosystem They form enzymes that can degrade hazardous substances converting natural as well as human made toxins into harmless compounds For instance they can ... - Read More

Wild plants are infected with many viruses and still thrive

Researchers have studied viruses as agents of disease in humans domestic animals and plants but a study of plant viruses in the wild may point to a more cooperative benevolent role of the microbe according ... - Read More

Microbes team up to boost plants' stress tolerance

While most farmers consider viruses and fungi potential threats to their crops these microbes can help wild plants adapt to extreme conditions according to a Penn State virologist Share This See Also Endangered Plants Microbes ... - Read More

Understanding microbes blowing in the wind

Bacteria, bacteria
With help from a wind tunnel and the latest DNA technology U S Department of Agriculture USDA scientists are shedding light on the travel patterns of microbes in soils carried off by strong winds The ... - Read More

Pirate-like flies connect symbiosis to diversity

Fungi
After a year of studying up close the symbiotic relationship between a mosquito sized bug and a fungus a Simon Fraser University biologist has advanced the scientific understanding of biological diversity Share This See Also ... - Read More
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