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News articles about "Fluid"

Rodeo in liquid crystal: Unprecedented level of control over defects

Scientists have achieved an unprecedented level of control over defects in liquid crystals that can be engineered for applications in liquid matter photonics Sitting with a joystick in the comfort of their chairs scientists can ... - Read More

Desalination with nanoporous graphene membrane

Less than 1 percent of Earth's water is drinkable Removing salt and other minerals from our biggest available source of water seawater may help satisfy a growing global population thirsty for fresh water for drinking ... - Read More

Food Additive Could Serve as a Safer, More Environmentally Friendly Antifreeze

the syrupy liquid is a common food additive used to absorb excessive moisture and stabilize mixtures For example it is in some foods that contain artificial sweeteners as well as in some pastry icings It ... - Read More

Graphene 'gateway' discovery opens possibilities for improved energy technologies

Graphene a strong lightweight carbon honeycombed structure that's only one atom thick holds great promise for energy research and development Recently scientists with the Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport FIRST Energy Frontier Research Center ... - Read More

The secret to an effortless, split-second slime attack

Researchers explain why a tropical worm's twin jets of paralyzing slime are anything but sluggish The velvet worm is a slow moving unassuming creature With its soft body probing antennae and stubby legs it looks ... - Read More

Highly evolved bacteria found near hydrothermal vents: Iron-oxidizing bacteria found along Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Bacteria that live on iron were found for the first time at three well known vent sites along the Mid Atlantic Ridge one of the longest undersea mountain ranges in the world Scientists report that ... - Read More

Physics of clouds: Long-held ideas about turbulence disproven

In 1941 Russian physicist Andrey Kolmogorov developed a theory of turbulence that has served as the basic foundation for our understanding of this important naturally occurring phenomenon Turbulence occurs when fluid flow is characterized by ... - Read More

Mystery of the dancing droplets solved

A puzzling observation pursued through hundreds of experiments has led Stanford researchers to a simple yet profound discovery under certain circumstances droplets of fluid will move like performers in a dance choreographed by molecular physics ... - Read More

How rivers creep, flow to shape landscapes over time

Rivers drive the evolution of Earth's surface by eroding and depositing sediment But for nearly a century geologists have puzzled over why theoretical models which use principles of physics to predict patterns of sediment transport ... - Read More

Fluid-filled pores separate materials with fine precision

In nature pores can continuously control how a living organism absorbs or excretes fluids vapors and solids in response to its environment for example tiny holes invisible to the naked eye called stomata cover a ... - Read More

Lab-on-paper developed for rapid, inexpensive medical diagnostics

A team of University of Rhode Island engineers led by Professor Mohammad Faghri has created a new paper based platform for conducting a wide range of complex medical diagnostics The key development was the invention ... - Read More

Draft report analyzes policy options for hydraulic fracturing in Michigan

University of Michigan researchers today released a detailed draft analysis of policy options for hydraulic fracturing the natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking The draft final report of the U M ... - Read More

Extremely repellent surfaces: How tiny pillars affect condensation of vapor onto a surface

A computational technique to analyze how water vapor condenses on a surface patterned with an array of tiny pillars has been co developed by an A*STAR researcher Calculations carried out using this technique reveal that ... - Read More

Voltage tester for beating cardiac cells

Electrical impulses play an important role in cells of the human body For example neurons use these impulses to transmit information along their branches and the body also uses them to control the contraction of ... - Read More

Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP

The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More

Chemists find a way to unboil egg whites: Ability to quickly restore molecular proteins could slash biotechnology costs

UC Irvine and Australian chemists have figured out how to unboil egg whites an innovation that could dramatically reduce costs for cancer treatments food production and other segments of the $160 billion global biotechnology industry ... - Read More

New research re-creates planet formation, super-Earths and giant planets in the laboratory

New laser driven compression experiments reproduce the conditions deep inside exotic super Earths and giant planet cores and the conditions during the violent birth of Earth like planets documenting the material properties that determined planet ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

Graphene brings quantum effects to electronic circuits

Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra low temperature 2D materials creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy At the atomic and ... - Read More

Harnessing bacteria to move microscopic gears and ratchets

Computer simulations at OIST suggest new applications in industry by harnessing active microscopic particles in fluids Previous research has already demonstrated that substantial quantities of self motile or active agents such as bacteria in a ... - Read More
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