All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Environment"

Did the Anthropocene begin with the nuclear age?

Scientists identify July 16 1945 as key time boundary in Earth history An international group of scientists has proposed a start date for the dawn of the Anthropocene a new chapter in the Earth's geological ... - Read More

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

New planetary dashboard shows 'great acceleration' in human activity since 1950

Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More

Nearly half the systems crucial to stability of planet compromised

Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More

Harnessing bacteria to move microscopic gears and ratchets

Computer simulations at OIST suggest new applications in industry by harnessing active microscopic particles in fluids Previous research has already demonstrated that substantial quantities of self motile or active agents such as bacteria in a ... - Read More

Liquids and glasses relax, too -- but not like you thought

A new insight into the fundamental mechanics of the movement of molecules recently published by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST offers a surprising view of what happens when you pour ... - Read More

Bacteria as individual as people? Study of rhizobium from plant roots suggests yes

Bacteria are as individual as people according to new research by Professor Peter Young and his team in the Department of Biology at the University of York Bacteria are essential to health agriculture and the ... - Read More

Estimated social cost of climate change not accurate, scientists say

The economic damage caused by a ton of carbon dioxide emissions often referred to as the social cost of carbon could actually be six times higher than the value that the United States now uses ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Mercury from gold mines accumulates far downstream

Researchers have determined that the health risks taken on by artisanal small scale gold miners extend far beyond the miners themselves Based on a study of gold mining operations in Peru the miners' practices not ... - Read More

They see flow signals: Researchers identify nature of 'sixth sense' in fish

A team of scientists has identified how a sixth sense in fish allows them to detect flows of water which helps resolve a long standing mystery about how these aquatic creatures respond to their environment ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

Chitosan: Sustainable alternative for food packaging

A research group of the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has used a material known as chitosan made from crustacean shells to substitute petroleum by products Riverbanks and oceans are full of plastic ... - Read More

Flexible methane production from electricity and bio-mass

Interlinkage of the power and gas grids is planned to make electricity supply sustainable and robust in the future Fluctuating amounts of wind and solar power for instance might be stored in the form of ... - Read More

Magic numbers of quantum matter revealed by cold atoms

Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More

Emissions-free cars get closer

A University of Delaware research team is considering the important question of what it will take to create an affordable emissions free car The question an issue of engineering and economics is being studied by ... - Read More

'Seeing' hydrogen atoms to unveil enzyme catalysis that may play key role in cancer drug development

Enzymes are catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in living organisms and control many cellular biological processes by converting a molecule or substrate into a product used by the cell For scientists understanding details of ... - Read More

Breathing in diesel exhaust leads to changes 'deep under the hood'

Just two hours of exposure to diesel exhaust fumes can lead to fundamental health related changes in biology by switching some genes on while switching others off according to researchers at the University of British ... - Read More

Scientists Identify First Nutrient Sensor in Key Growth-Regulating Metabolic Pathway

interact either directly or indirectly with mTORC1. Identifying them will thus remain a focus of the lab for years to come This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health grants R01 CA103866 and ... - Read More

"Seeing" Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis

how small its samples can be how large the crystal unit cells we can resolve ” said Kovalevsky “But this result shows the instrument is performing to its specifications which is exciting ” For future ... - Read More
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