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News articles about "Environment"

Scientists Find the Shocking Truth About Electric Fish

larger cells organized in sequence and capable of generating much higher voltages than those used to make muscles work “If you remove the ability of the muscle cell to contract and change the distribution of ... - Read More

Antibodies from desert as guides to diseased cells

The use of nanoparticles in cancer research is considered as a promising approach in detecting and fighting tumor cells The method has however often failed because the human immune system recognizes the particles as foreign ... - Read More

Forging new ground in oil forensics: Deepwater Horizon Oil on shore even years later, after most has degraded

Years after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil spill oil continues to wash ashore as oil soaked sand patties persists in salt marshes abutting the Gulf of Mexico and questions remain about how much oil has ... - Read More

Long-range tunneling of quantum particles

One of the most remarkable consequences of the rules in quantum mechanics is the capability of a quantum particle to penetrate through a potential barrier even though its energy would not allow for the corresponding ... - Read More

'Onion' vesicles for drug delivery developed

One of the defining features of cells is their membranes Each cell's repository of DNA and protein making machinery must be kept stable and secure from invaders and toxins Scientists have attempted to replicate these ... - Read More

Snowballs to soot: The clumping density of many things seems to be a standard

Particles of soot floating through the air and comets hurtling through space have at least one thing in common 0.36. That reports a research group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST is ... - Read More

Chemical sensor on a chip created to test chemical composition of liquids

Using miniaturized laser technology a tiny sensor has been built at the Vienna University of Technology which can test the chemical composition of liquids They are invisible but perfectly suited for analyzing liquids and gases ... - Read More

Fecal source tracking in Norwegian water catchments: New methods

The Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Bioforsk has tested and implemented a set of methods for the detection of fecal pollution in Norwegian watercourses The methods which combine microbial and molecular biological techniques ... - Read More

Better tissue healing with disappearing hydrogels

When stem cells are used to regenerate bone tissue many wind up migrating away from the repair site which disrupts the healing process But a technique employed by a University of Rochester research team keeps ... - Read More

Saving trees in tropics could cut emissions by one-fifth, study shows

Reducing deforestation in the tropics would significantly cut the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by as much as one fifth research shows In the first study of its kind scientists have calculated ... - Read More

Optical invisibility cloak built for diffusive media (like fog or milk)

Real invisibility cloaks are rather complex and work in certain situations only The laws of physics prevent an optical invisibility cloak from making objects in air invisible for any directions colors and polarizations If the ... - Read More

Design of self-assembling protein nanomachines starts to click: A nanocage builds itself from engineered components

A route for constructing protein nanomachines engineered for specific applications may be closer to reality Biological systems produce an incredible array of self assembling functional protein tools Some examples of these nanoscale protein materials are ... - Read More

Opening a wide window on the nano-world of surface catalysis

Surface catalysts are notoriously difficult to study mechanistically but scientists at the University of South Carolina and Rice University have shown how to get real time reaction information from Ag nanocatalysts that have long frustrated ... - Read More

Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval: Rate may be ten times faster

Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More

Vanishing da Vinci: Nondestructive way to determine state of degradation of ancient works of art

One of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpieces drawn in red chalk on paper during the early 1500s and widely believed to be a self portrait is in extremely poor condition Centuries of exposure to humid storage ... - Read More

Reducing emissions will be primary way to fight climate change, study finds

Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More

Observing the random diffusion of missing atoms in graphene

Imperfections in the regular atomic arrangements in crystals determine many of the properties of a material and their diffusion is behind many microstructural changes in solids However imaging non repeating atomic arrangements is difficult in ... - Read More

World's best thermometer made from light

University of Adelaide physics researchers have produced the world's most sensitive thermometer three times more precise than the best thermometers in existence Published in the journal Physical Review Letters the researchers from the University's Institute ... - Read More

Doing more with less: in cellulo structure determinations

Anyone involved in macromolecular crystallography will know that for many years scientists have had to rely on a multi stage process utilizing protein usually expressed in engineered cells which is then extracted and purified before ... - Read More

Compact, extremely small-scale incubator microscope to examine cells in time lapse

Biologists and doctors rely heavily on incubators and microscopes Now the Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering IBMT has come up with a novel solution that combines the functions of both these tools in a compact ... - Read More
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