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News articles about "Environment"

Setting the standard for sustainable bioenergy crops

crops
Bioenergy crops such as Miscanthus and switchgrass appear to be promising resources for renewable energy but these new crops did not come with a manual on how to measure details on their sustainability impacts Jody ... - Read More

PCB concentrations same in urban and rural areas

Community, Environment, Engineering
Since polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs are produced through industrial processes or activities it is assumed that people living in industrial cities will have higher concentrations of these toxic chemicals in their blood than people in rural ... - Read More

Graphene quantum dots may someday tell if it will rain on Mars

Quantum dots, Mars
The latest research from a Kansas State University chemical engineer may help improve humidity and pressure sensors particularly those used in outer space Vikas Berry William H Honstead professor of chemical engineering and his research ... - Read More

Researchers find a way to make steel without greenhouse-gas emissions

Anyone who has seen pictures of the giant red hot cauldrons in which steel is made fed by vast amounts of carbon and belching flame and smoke would not be surprised to learn that steelmaking ... - Read More

U.S. urban trees store carbon, provide billions in economic value, finds state-by-state analysis

Analysis
From New York City's Central Park to Golden Gate Park in San Francisco America's urban forests store an estimated 708 million tons of carbon an environmental service with an estimated value of $50 billion according ... - Read More

Ubiquitous engineered nanomaterials can cause lung inflammation: Substances are used in everything from paint to sporting equipment

Substances
A consortium of scientists from across the country has found that breathing ultrafine particles from a large family of materials that increasingly are found in a host of household and commercial products from sunscreens to ... - Read More

Engineers manipulate a buckyball by inserting a single water molecule

Molecule, molecule
Columbia Engineering researchers have developed a technique to isolate a single water molecule inside a buckyball or C60 and to drive motion of the so called big nonpolar ball through the encapsulated small polar H2O ... - Read More

'Dark oxidants' form away from sunlight in lake and ocean depths, underground soils

Ocean, Sunlight, Sunlight, Ocean
Breathing oxygen can be hazardous to your health Share This See Also Extreme Survival Bacteria Fish Geochemistry Earth Science Caving Microorganism Antioxidant Saliva Oxygen Indeed our bodies aren't perfect They make mistakes among them producing ... - Read More

How graphene and friends could harness the Sun's energy hitting walls

Sun
Combining wonder material graphene with other stunning one atom thick materials could create the next generation of solar cells and optoelectronic devices scientists have revealed Share This See Also Graphene Materials Science Energy and the ... - Read More

Soil may harbor answer to reducing arsenic in rice

Plant, plant
Harsh Bais and Janine Sherrier of the University of Delaware's Department of Plant and Soil Sciences are studying whether a naturally occurring soil bacterium referred to as UD1023 because it was first characterized at the ... - Read More

Ecological knowledge offers perspectives for sustainable agriculture

A smart combination of different crops such as beans and maize can significantly cut the use of crop protection agents and at the same time reduce the need for fertilizers Integrating ecological knowledge from nature ... - Read More

Smoke signals: How burning plants tell seeds to rise from the ashes

Plants, plants
In the spring following a forest fire trees that survived the blaze explode in new growth and plants sprout in abundance from the scorched earth For centuries it was a mystery how seeds some long ... - Read More

Lake found in Sierra Nevada with the oldest remains of atmospheric contamination in Southern Europe

Atmospheric
A team of scientists find in the Laguna de Rio Seco lagoon at an altitude of 3 020 m evidence of atmospheric pollution caused by lead and linked to metallurgical activities from 3 900 years ... - Read More

Comparing proteins at a glance: Technique for easy comparisons of proteins in solution

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
A revolutionary X ray analytical technique that enables researchers at a glance to identify structural similarities and differences between multiple proteins under a variety of conditions has been developed by researchers with the U S ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

How trees play role in smog production

Smog
After years of scientific uncertainty and speculation researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show exactly how trees help create one of society's predominant environmental and health concerns air pollution Share This ... - Read More

Unique Chemistry Reveals Eruption of Ancient Materials Once at Earth's Surface

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” said Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in Boston ... - Read More

A simple solution to air pollution from wood-burning cookstoves

Solution
Billions of people worldwide burn animal dung crop residues wood and charcoal to cook their meals And the chemicals produced and inhaled sicken or kill millions At particular risk are women who prepare their families' ... - Read More

New battery design could help solar and wind power the grid

Battery
Researchers from the U S Department of Energy's DOE SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have designed a low cost long life battery that could enable solar and wind energy to become major suppliers ... - Read More

Unique sulfur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of archean crust

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” says Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in BU’s ... - Read More
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