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News articles about "Environment"

Creepy crawlers play key role in structure of grasslands

When asked to describe a forest or a meadow most people would probably begin with the plants the species diversity or the color of the foliage They probably wouldn't pay much attention to the animals ... - Read More

Boosting biofuel: Yeast made to tolerate high levels of ethanol, making them more productive

Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol However large concentrations of ethanol can be toxic to yeast which has limited the production capacity of many yeast ... - Read More

Nanoparticles accumulate quickly in wetlands: Aquatic food chains might be harmed by molecules 'piggybacking' on carbon nanoparticles

A Duke University team has found that nanoparticles called single walled carbon nanotubes accumulate quickly in the bottom sediments of an experimental wetland setting an action they say could indirectly damage the aquatic food chain ... - Read More

New absorber will lead to better biosensors

iological sensors or biosensors are like technological canaries in the coalmine By converting a biological response into an optical or electrical signal they can alert us to dangers in our external and internal environments They ... - Read More

Unlocking Enzyme Synthesis of Rare Sugars to Create Drugs with Fewer Side Effects

Released 29 Sep 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Oak Ridge National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Sep 30 2014 A team led by the U ... - Read More

Making quantum dots glow brighter

Researchers from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and the University of Oklahoma have found a new way to control the properties of quantum dots those tiny chunks of semiconductor material that glow different colors ... - Read More

Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free

Rice University scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass The new work by Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues ... - Read More

Reducing pesticides, adding sound vibrations and boosting harvests

Scientists in Italy are experimenting with sound vibrations to replace pesticides Adapting different eco friendly methods they are able to boost harvests and open up a new chapter in sustainable farming Scientists in Northern Italy ... - Read More

Researchers control surface tension to manipulate liquid metals

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits antennas ... - Read More

Rolling 'neat' nanotube fibers: Acid-free approach leads to strong conductive carbon threads

The very idea of fibers made of carbon nanotubes is neat but Rice University scientists are making them neat literally The single walled carbon nanotubes in new fibers created at Rice line up like a ... - Read More

UNC Researchers Find Final Pieces to the Circadian Clock Puzzle

Released 12 Sep 2014 9 45 AM EDTEmbargo expired 14 Sep 2014 5 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina School of Medicine more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in ... - Read More

How salt causes buildings to crumble

Salt crystals are often responsible when buildings start to show signs of ageing Researchers from the Institute for Building Materials have studied salt damage in greater depth and can now predict weathering processes more accurately ... - Read More

Environmental costs, health risks, and benefits of fracking examined

A strange thing happened on the way to dealing with climate change Advances in hydraulic fracturing put trillions of dollars' worth of previously unreachable oil and natural gas within humanity's grasp The environmental costs and ... - Read More

High-altitude balloon over Ontario, Canada: Researchers measure ozone-depleting bromine

How much does bromine affect stratospheric ozone Answering this question is the primary objective of measurements by a multi instrument gondola carried by a high altitude balloon The gondola accommodates a unique combination of remote ... - Read More

Agricultural revolution in Africa could increase global carbon emissions

Productivity boosting agricultural innovations in Africa could lead to an increase in global deforestation rates and carbon emissions a Purdue University study finds Historically improvements in agricultural technology have conserved land and decreased carbon emissions ... - Read More

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

New knowledge of cannabis paves way for drug development

About 40% of all medicines used today work through the so called G protein coupled receptors These receptors react to changes in the cell environment for example to increased amounts of chemicals like cannabis adrenaline ... - Read More

Researchers part water: 'electric prism' separates water's nuclear spin states

Using an electric prism scientists have found a new way of separating water molecules that differ only in their nuclear spin states and under normal conditions do not part ways Since water is such a ... - Read More

In Directing Stem Cells, Study Shows Context Matters

has been working to produce precise chemically defined surfaces on which to grow stem cells “A cell will react differently if it lands near soft tissue like the brain ” To fully explore the idea ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More
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