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News articles about "Environment"

Atmospheric CO2 has big consequences for the tiny bacteria that are foundation of most of life in the sea

Atmospheric, sea
Climate change may be weeding out the bacteria that form the base of the ocean's food chain selecting certain strains for survival according to a new study In climate change as in everything there are ... - Read More

A potentially life-saving protein takes shape

A tiny protein called ubiquitin so named because it is present in every cell of living things as dissimilar as hollyhocks and humans may hold the key to treatment for a variety of diseases from ... - Read More

Caterpillars attracted to plant SOS

Plant, plant
Plants that emit an airborne distress signal in response to herbivory may actually attract more enemies according to a new study published in the open access journal Frontiers in Plant Science A team of researchers ... - Read More

Polymer coatings a key step toward oral delivery of protein-based drugs

Oral, Polymer
For protein based drugs such as insulin to be taken orally rather than injected bioengineers need to find a way to shuttle them safely through the stomach to the small intestine where they can be ... - Read More

The quantum secret to alcohol reactions in space

Chemists have discovered that an 'impossible' reaction at cold temperatures actually occurs with vigour which could change our understanding of how alcohols are formed and destroyed in space To explain the impossible the researchers propose ... - Read More

Scientists view 'protein origami' to help understand, prevent certain diseases

Scientists using sophisticated imaging techniques have observed a molecular protein folding process that may help medical researchers understand and treat diseases such as Alzheimer's Lou Gehrig's and cancer The study reported this month in the ... - Read More

Algae shows promise as pollution-fighter, fuel-maker

Fuel
A hardy algae species is showing promise in both reducing power plant pollution and making biofuel based on new research at the University of Delaware The microscopic algae Heterosigma akashiwo grows rapidly on a gas ... - Read More

Biochemists Identify Protease Substrates Important to Bacterial Growth

Released 6 26 2013 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Massachusetts Amherst more news from this source Jun 26 2013 AMHERST Mass – Reporting this month in Molecular Microbiology Peter Chien and colleagues at ... - Read More

Predators affect the carbon cycle, study shows

A new study shows that the predator prey relationship can affect the flow of carbon through an ecosystem This previously unmeasured influence on the environment may offer a new way of looking at biodiversity management ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

New catalyst neutralizes gases responsible for climate change

Catalyst
New technology developed by the Research Group in Carbon Materials and Environmental prevents nitrous oxide decomposing it into nontoxic products The catalytic system is active efficient and stable over time and can purify gases emitted ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification

sea
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean

Ocean, Ocean
A team of Spanish researchers coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council CSIC has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean They are using more than 2 000 samples of microorganisms collected ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

Nanofiber sensor detects diabetes or lung cancer faster and easier

cancer
Today's technological innovation enables smartphone users to diagnose serious diseases such as diabetes or lung cancer quickly and effectively by simply breathing into a small gadget a nanofiber breathing sensor mounted on the phones Il ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More
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