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News articles about "Environment"

3-D models of electrical streamers

Medical
Streamers may be great for decorating a child's party but in dielectrics they are the primary origin of electric breakdown They can cause catastrophic damage to electrical equipment harm the surrounding environment and lead to ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance in agricultural environments: A call to action

Antibiotic resistant pathogens are an emerging critical human health issue The World Health Organization WHO has declared antibiotic resistance as a top health issue worldwide Two million Americans are infected each year with diseases resistant ... - Read More

Folic acid deficiency can affect the health of great, great grandchildren

Folic acid deficiency can cause severe health problems in offspring including spina bifida heart defects and placental abnormalities A study out today reveals that a mutation in a gene necessary for the metabolism of folic ... - Read More

Investigating mercury pollution in Indonesia

Professor Takanobu Inoue of Toyohashi Tech's Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering has been conducting field surveys of mercury poisoning in Indonesia for over a decade His findings have serious implications and the situation is ... - Read More

Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?

Bacteria, bacteria
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters According to a report written by scientists from the ... - Read More

Steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected

Environment
Assessing the risk posed to aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical products into waterways is often based on a belief that as the compounds degrade the ecological risks naturally decline But ... - Read More

Tapping a valuable resource or invading the environment? Research examines the start of fracking in Ohio

Environment
A new study is examining methane and other components in groundwater wells in advance of drilling for shale gas that's expected over the next several years in an Ohio region Amy Townsend Small a University ... - Read More

First steps towards achieving better and cheaper biodiesel

Glycerol
Is there any connection between wine and biodiesel The answer is yes however surprising it may seem Acetals are chemical compounds found in many wines like port for example which give it a unique sweet ... - Read More

Time to rethink misguided policies that promote biofuels to protect climate, experts say

Policymakers need to rethink the idea of promoting biofuels to protect the climate because the methods used to justify such policies are inherently flawed according to a University of Michigan energy researcher In a new ... - Read More

Creating electricity with caged atoms

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
A lot of energy is wasted when machines turn hot unnecessarily heating up their environment Some of this thermal energy could be harvested using thermoelectric materials they create electric current when they are used to ... - Read More

In water as in love, likes can attract

Water, Water, Water
At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel This is a universal scientific truth except when it isn't A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist ... - Read More

New theory for analysing interacting nuclear spins in solvents

Nuclear
Hardly a spectroscopic method boasts so many different applications as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy better known as NMR The approach of NMR spectroscopy is based on monitoring the so called nuclear spin namely the angular ... - Read More

'Grassroots action' in livestock feeding to help curb global climate change

In a series of papers to be presented next week scientists offer new evidence that a potent chemical mechanism operating in the roots of a tropical grass used for livestock feed has enormous potential to ... - Read More

Spider silk coated with carbon nanotubes has multiple surprising uses

Carbon nanotubes
Eden Steven a physicist at Florida State University's MagLab facility discovered that simple methods can result in surprising and environmentally friendly high tech outcomes during his experiments with spider silk and carbon nanotubes the results ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Model organism gone wild

organism, organism
Model organisms brought into labs because they are easy to work with adapt to the lab often shedding characteristics that allowed them to survive in the wild Scientists who work with model organisms rarely look ... - Read More

Probing methane's secrets: From diamonds to Neptune

Neptune
Hydrocarbons from Earth make up the oil and gas that heat our homes and fuel our cars The study of the various phases of molecules formed from carbon and hydrogen under high pressures and temperatures ... - Read More
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