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News articles about "Environment"

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Ultra-sensitive force sensing with levitating nanoparticle

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
A recent study led by researchers of the Institute of Photonic Sciences ICFO achieved the highest force sensitivity ever observed with a nano mechanical resonator The scientific results of this study have been published in ... - Read More

Breakthrough for biofuel production from tiny marine algae

marine, algae, Marine, algae
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have developed a method for greatly enhancing biofuel production in tiny marine algae As reported in this week's online edition of the Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Technique developed to convert thermoelectric material into high performance electricity

Material, Material
A team of Clemson University physicists consisting of nanomaterial scientists Apparao Rao and Ramakrishna Podila and thermoelectricians Terry Tritt Jian He and Pooja Puneet worked synergistically through the newly established Clemson Nanomaterials Center to develop ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion

If you want to get the most out of the sun you have to improve the performance of the materials used An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving ... - Read More

SlipChip counts molecules with chemistry and a cell phone

molecules
In developing nations rural areas and even one's own home limited access to expensive equipment and trained medical professionals can impede the diagnosis and treatment of disease Many qualitative tests that provide a simple yes ... - Read More

Could next new cancer drug come from Kentucky coal mines?

cancer, Coal
n their ongoing quest to develop the latest and most effective drugs for disease treatment researchers in the University of Kentucky's Center for Pharmaceutical Research and Innovation CPRI are looking deep as in deep underground ... - Read More

New antenna spreads good vibrations in fusion plasma

Plasma, Fusion
If you want to catch a firefly any old glass jar will do But when you're trying to bottle a star the goal of fusion energy research the bottle needs to be very special A ... - Read More

Dye absorption structure of dye-sensitized solar cells elucidated on molecular level: Success in dye absorption structure control

NIMS researchers elucidated the relationship between the photocurrent and the peculiar changes in the absorption structure occurring in the vicinity of the molecular electrode interface in dye sensitized solar cells The Organic Inorganic Hybrid Photovoltaics ... - Read More

Improving detection of radioactive material in nuclear waste water

As the Fukushima crisis continues to remind the world of the potential dangers of nuclear disposal and unforeseen accidents scientists are reporting progress toward a new way to detect the radioactive materials uranium and plutonium ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

Threats to our clean water: Impacts to human and marine environments

Despite the abundance of water on our planet it remains a precious and sought after life sustaining resource Without the technology to provide safe clean water to the masses the general public would be consuming ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Changing the conversation: Polymers disrupt bacterial communication

Artificial materials based on simple synthetic polymers can disrupt the way in which bacteria communicate with each other a study led by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown The findings published in the ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

All aboard the nanotrain network: Tiny self-assembling transport networks, powered by nano-scale motors and controlled by DNA

Nano
Tiny self assembling transport networks powered by nano scale motors and controlled by DNA have been developed by scientists at Oxford University and Warwick University The system can construct its own network of tracks spanning ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More
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