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News articles about "Environment"

Engineers design 'living materials': Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that emit light

Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Shifting evolution into reverse promises cheaper, greener way to make new drugs

This alternative approach to creating artificial organic molecules called bioretrosynthesis was first proposed four years ago by Brian Bachmann associate professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt University Now Bachmann and a team of collaborators report that ... - Read More

Shifting Evolution Into Reverse Promises Cheaper, Greener Way to Make New Drugs

Released 3 21 2014 4 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 3 23 2014 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Vanderbilt University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature Chemical ... - Read More

Forests crucial to green growth

The value of forests and tree based ecosystems extends far beyond carbon sequestration they are the foundation of sustainable societies A new report launched in Jakarta Indonesia on 21 March the International Day of Forests ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

Emerging carbon trading markets offer lessons

Although markets for trading carbon emission credits to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have stalled in United States federal policy making carbon markets are emerging at the state level within the U S and around the ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Tiny transistors for extreme environs: Engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation

University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor Such transistors someday might enable smartphones that take and collect medical X ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

High-strength materials from the pressure cooker: New materials made quickly and in eco-friendly manner

A Surprise in Materials Chemistry At Vienna University of Technology materials for lightweight construction protective clothing or sports equipment can be produced at high temperatures and high pressures This process is faster better and more ... - Read More

New technique makes LEDs brighter, more resilient

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes LEDs brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride GaN with a layer of phosphorus ... - Read More

Catching the Early Spread of Breast Cancer

the nano flare Recently he and Thaxton designed these particles which enter circulating healthy and unhealthy cells in blood samples but light up only inside breast cancer cells “Nano flares can detect just a few ... - Read More

Bright future for protein nanoprobes

The term a brighter future might be a cliché but in the case of ultra small probes for lighting up individual proteins it is now most appropriate Researchers at the U S Department of Energy ... - Read More

Why did humans replace Neanderthals? Paleo diet didn't change, the climate did

Why were Neanderthals replaced by anatomically modern humans around 40 000 years ago One popular hypothesis states that a broader dietary spectrum of modern humans gave them a competitive advantage on Neanderthals Geochemical analyses of ... - Read More

Thermal vision: Graphene light detector first to span infrared spectrum

The first room temperature light detector that can sense the full infrared spectrum has the potential to put heat vision technology into a contact lens Unlike comparable mid and far infrared detectors currently on the ... - Read More

Heart cells respond to stiff environments

Proteins associated with the regulation of organ size and shape have been found to respond to the mechanics of the microenvironment in ways that specifically affect the decision of adult cardiac stem cells to generate ... - Read More

DNA can be damaged by very low-energy radiation

Damage to DNA by high energy radiation constitutes the most lethal damage occurring at the cellular level Surprisingly very low energy interactions with OH radicals for instance can also induce DNA damage including double strand ... - Read More

In the lab, scientists coax E. coli to resist radiation damage

Capitalizing on the ability of an organism to evolve in response to punishment from a hostile environment scientists have coaxed the model bacterium Escherichia coli to dramatically resist ionizing radiation and in the process reveal ... - Read More

Africa's air pollution underestimated in climate change models

Human activity in Africa significantly contributes to air pollution However no detailed data regarding country by country pollutant emissions in the continent was available until now To remedy this a joint French Ivory Coast team ... - Read More

More accurate data on thousands of years of climate change

Using a cutting edge research technique UCLA researchers have reconstructed the temperature history of a region that plays a major role in determining climate around the world The findings published online Feb 27 in the ... - Read More
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