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News articles about "Environment"

Easter Island mystery: Why did the native culture die out?

Long before the Europeans arrived on Easter Island in 1722 the native Polynesian culture known as Rapa Nui showed signs of demographic decline However the catalyst has long been debated in the scientific community Was ... - Read More

Smothered oceans: Extreme oxygen loss in oceans accompanied past global climate change

Seafloor sediment cores reveal abrupt extensive loss of oxygen in the ocean when ice sheets melted roughly 10 000 17 000 years ago according to a study from the University of California Davis The findings ... - Read More

Researchers tune friction in ionic solids at the nanoscale

Friction impacts motion hence the need to control friction forces Currently this is accomplished by mechanistic means or lubrication but experiments conducted by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered ... - Read More

Holes in valence bands of nanodiamonds discovered: Potential catalysts for splitting water

But how are the electronic properties of nanodiamonds deposited on a solid state substrate different from those displayed by nanodiamonds in aqueous solutions Dr Tristan Petit working in the HZB team headed by Prof Emad ... - Read More

Detecting chemical weapons quickly with a color-changing film

In today's world in which the threat of terrorism looms there is an urgent need for fast reliable tools to detect the release of deadly chemical warfare agents CWAs In the journal ACS Macro Letters ... - Read More

Converting olive mash into cash

An experimental system to create heat and power with waste from olive oil processing is up and running in Spain Carina Lagergren a researcher from Sweden's KTH Royal Institute of Technology says the system shows ... - Read More

Researchers identify materials to improve biofuel, petroleum processing

Using one of the largest supercomputers in the world a team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota has identified potential materials that could improve the production of ethanol and petroleum products The discovery ... - Read More

Scientists search for new ways to deal with U. S. uranium ore processing legacy

Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are trying to find out why uranium persists in groundwater at former uranium ore processing sites despite remediation of contaminated surface materials two decades ago ... - Read More

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands

The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands at El Hierro in 2011 produced spectacularly enigmatic white floating rocks that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island An international team of ... - Read More

Soils could keep contaminants in wastewater from reaching groundwater, streams

With endocrine disrupting compounds affecting fish populations in rivers as close as Pennsylvania's Susquehanna and as far away as Israel's Jordan a new research study shows that soils can filter out and break down at ... - Read More

Antibiotics, bacteria, resistance genes found in dust from feedlots

After testing dust in the air near cattle feedlots in the Southern High Plains researchers at The Institute of Environmental and Human Health at Texas Tech University found evidence of antibiotics feedlot derived bacteria and ... - Read More

Decorative and flexible solar panels become part of interior design and the appearance of objects

VTT Technical Centre of Finland has developed and utilized a mass production method based on printing technologies allowing the manufacturing of decorative organic solar panels Design freedom improves the range of applications of the panels ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

Drugs from dirt: Scientists develop first global roadmap for drug discovery

Rockefeller University scientists have analysed soils from beaches forests and deserts on five continents and discovered the best places in the world to mine untapped antibiotic and anticancer drugs The findings published in the open ... - Read More

Anti-microbial coatings with a long-term effect for surfaces

Hygienic conditions and sterile procedures are particularly important in hospitals kitchens and sanitary facilities air conditioning and ventilation systems in food preparation and in the manufacture of packaging material In these areas bacteria and fungi ... - Read More

Oils, fats innovation: Use of nanotechnology in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals

The use of oils and fats has been successfully diversified resulting in an innovation formulated through nanotechnology that is beneficial to pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries A Faculty of Science Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM lecturer Professor ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

Atmospheric rivers, cloud-creating aerosol particles, and california reservoirs

In the midst of the California rainy season scientists are embarking on a field campaign designed to improve the understanding of the natural and human caused phenomena that determine when and how the state gets ... - Read More

Century-Old Drug Reverses Autism-Like Symptoms in Fragile X Mouse Model

Released 15 Jan 2015 3 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom University of California San Diego Health Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Molecular AutismJan 17 2015 Autism ... - Read More

Chemical analysis of ancient rocks reveals earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere: Isotopic memory of atmospheric persistence

Chemical analysis of some of the world's oldest rocks by an international team led by McGill University researchers has provided the earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere The results show that the air 4 billion ... - Read More
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