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News articles about "Engineering"

Regenerating plastic grows back after damage

Looking at a smooth sheet of plastic in one University of Illinois laboratory no one would guess that an impact had recently blasted a hole through it Illinois researchers have developed materials that not only ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

High-efficiency water treatment using light using a novel UV-light system

Many harmful substances in waste water stubbornly resist being broken down by biological waste water treatment plants Fraunhofer researchers have developed a photochemical reaction system in which water can be reliably treated at high flow ... - Read More

Recycling to ensure sufficient raw materials for the future

About 70 billion tons of raw materials are extracted world wide annually That is twice as much as at the end of the 1970s This trend is continuing even with finite resources One way to ... - Read More

A hydrogel that knows when to go

Rice University bioengineers have created a hydrogel that instantly turns from liquid to semisolid at close to body temperature and then degrades at precisely the right pace The gel shows potential as a bioscaffold to ... - Read More

Luminescent nanocrystal tags enable rapid detection of multiple pathogens in a single test

A research team using tunable luminescent nanocrystals as tags to advance medical and security imaging have successfully applied them to high speed scanning technology and detected multiple viruses within minutes The research led by Macquarie ... - Read More

Sprites form at plasma irregularities in the lower ionosphere

Atmospheric sprites have been known for nearly a century but their origins were a mystery Now a team of researchers has evidence that sprites form at plasma irregularities and may be useful in remote sensing ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Nanoengineers develop basis for electronics that stretch at the molecular level

Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego are asking what might be possible if semiconductor materials were flexible and stretchable without sacrificing electronic function Today's flexible electronics are already enabling a new generation of ... - Read More

Bone marrow-on-a-chip unveiled

The latest organ on a chip from Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering reproduces the structure functions and cellular make up of bone marrow a complex tissue that until now could only be studied ... - Read More

Terahertz imaging on the cheap: Fewer sensors required for high-resolution imaging systems

Terahertz imaging which is already familiar from airport security checkpoints has a number of other promising applications from explosives detection to collision avoidance in cars Like sonar or radar terahertz imaging produces an image by ... - Read More

Genetic approach helps design broadband metamaterial

A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More

Taking the lead out of a promising solar cell: Environmentally friendly solar cell pushes forward the 'next big thing in photovoltaics'

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light The low cost environmentally friendly solar cell can ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More

Approaching the island of stability: Observation of the superheavy element 117

The periodic table of the elements is to get crowded towards its heaviest members Evidence for the artificial creation of element 117 has recently been obtained at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research ... - Read More

Probing dopant distribution: Opening the door to better doping of semiconductor nanocrystals

The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface One method of altering the electrical properties of ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Widespread hydrogen fueling infrastructure goal of new project

As hydrogen fuel cell vehicles continue to roll out in increasing numbers the infrastructure for fueling them must expand as well To this end a new project launched by the Energy Department and led by ... - Read More

Ozone levels drop 20 percent with switch from ethanol to gasoline

A Northwestern University study by an economist and a chemist reports that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo Brazil to mostly switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible fuel vehicles local ozone ... - Read More

Graphene is only as strong as its weakest link: Experiments determine real-world limits of two-dimensional carbon

There is no disputing graphene is strong But new research by Rice University and the Georgia Institute of Technology should prompt manufacturers to look a little deeper as they consider the miracle material for applications ... - Read More
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