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News articles about "Engineering"

Scientists investigate release of bromine in polar regions

Ozone, Ozone
The chemical element bromine whose compounds contribute significantly to the depletion of ozone in the lower atmosphere is also released in polar regions to a great extent from snow on land This is the result ... - Read More

Keeping beverages cool in summer: I''s not just the heat, it's the humidity

Heat, Beverages
In spring a person's thoughts turn to important matters like how best to keep your drink cold on a hot day Though this quest is probably as old as civilization University of Washington climate scientists ... - Read More

Vaterite: Crystal within a crystal helps resolve an old puzzle

Crystal
With the help of a solitary sea squirt scientists have resolved the longstanding puzzle of the crystal structure of vaterite an enigmatic geologic mineral and biomineral Share This See Also Graphene Biochemistry Physics Materials Science ... - Read More

How trees play role in smog production

Smog
After years of scientific uncertainty and speculation researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show exactly how trees help create one of society's predominant environmental and health concerns air pollution Share This ... - Read More

A simple solution to air pollution from wood-burning cookstoves

Solution
Billions of people worldwide burn animal dung crop residues wood and charcoal to cook their meals And the chemicals produced and inhaled sicken or kill millions At particular risk are women who prepare their families' ... - Read More

New battery design could help solar and wind power the grid

Battery
Researchers from the U S Department of Energy's DOE SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have designed a low cost long life battery that could enable solar and wind energy to become major suppliers ... - Read More

Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made of

a much cheaper route compared to traditional experimental methods ” said Zhu  “It is known that MgO makes up about 10 percent of the volume of our planet and on other planets this fraction can ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Insights into deadly coral bleaching could help preserve reefs: Surprising result from study of 1893 World's Fair corals

Light, Light
Coral reefs are stressed the world over and could be in mortal danger because of climate change But why do some corals die and others not even when exposed to the same environmental conditions Share ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

New research findings open door to zinc-oxide-based UV lasers, LED devices

Researchers from North Carolina State University have solved a long standing materials science problem making it possible to create new semiconductor devices using zinc oxide ZnO including efficient ultraviolet UV lasers and LED devices for ... - Read More

Biological activity alters the ability of sea spray to seed clouds

sea, biological
Ocean biology alters the chemical composition of sea spray in ways that influence its ability to form clouds over the ocean That's the conclusion of a team of scientists using a new approach to study ... - Read More

Research harnesses solar-powered proteins to filter harmful antibiotics from water

antibiotics, antibiotics
New research just published details how University of Cincinnati researchers have developed and tested a solar powered nano filter that is able to remove harmful carcinogens and antibiotics from water sources lakes and rivers at ... - Read More

Fertilizer Expert - Chemical Storage Appears 'Highly Risky' at Texas Explosion Site

Expert Pitch Released 4 19 2013 4 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Cornell University more news from this source Harold Van Es is a professor of Soil and Water Management and the former chair of the ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

Nanoparticles found in everyday items can inhibit fat storage: Gold nanoparticles accelerate aging

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
New research reveals that pure gold nanoparticles found in everyday items such as personal care products as well as drug delivery MRI contrast agents and solar cells can inhibit adipose fat storage and lead to ... - Read More

New solar-cell coating could enable a major boost in efficiency

Coating
Throughout decades of research on solar cells one formula has been considered an absolute limit to the efficiency of such devices in converting sunlight into electricity Called the Shockley Queisser efficiency limit it posits that ... - Read More

Scientists produce best image yet of atoms moving in real time

Time
Call it the ultimate nature documentary Scientists at the University of Toronto have recorded atomic motions in real time offering a glimpse into the very essence of chemistry and biology at the atomic level Share ... - Read More

Turning algae into clean energy and fish food; helping Africans to irrigate crops

fish, crops
Could algae that feast on wastewater produce clean bio fuels and a healthful supply of fish food Can impoverished African community gardeners learn to use and maintain a simple centuries old non electric water pump ... - Read More

Research uses mirrors to make solar energy cost competitive

If the current national challenge to make solar energy cost competitive with other forms of energy by the end of this decade is met Ranga Pitchumani the John R Jones III Professor of Mechanical Engineering ... - Read More
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