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News articles about "Engineering"

Universal law for light absorption in 2-D semiconductors

Light, Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Light
From solar cells to optoelectronic sensors to lasers and imaging devices many of today's semiconductor technologies hinge upon the absorption of light Absorption is especially critical for nano sized structures at the interface between two ... - Read More

Cement converted into an electrical conductor

Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a cementitious material incorporating carbon nanofibers in its composition turning cement into an excellent conductor of electricity capable of performing functions beyond its usual structural function This ... - Read More

Lifelike cooling for sunbaked windows: Adaptable microfluidic circulatory system could cut air-conditioning costs

System
Sun drenched rooms make for happy residents but large glass windows also bring higher air conditioning bills Now a bioinspired microfluidic circulatory system for windows developed by researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired ... - Read More

Tetrapod nanocrystals light the way to stronger polymers

nanocrystals
Fluorescent tetrapod nanocrystals could light the way to the future design of stronger polymer nanocomposites A team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab has ... - Read More

Plasmonic black metals: Breakthrough in solar energy research?

Metals, Solar energy
The use of plasmonic black metals could someday provide a pathway to more efficient photovoltaics PV the use of solar panels containing photovoltaic solar cells to improve solar energy harvesting according to researchers at Lawrence ... - Read More

Breakthrough in Detecting DNA Mutations Could Help Treat Tuberculosis, Cancer

Released 7 25 2013 1 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 7 28 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Washington more news from this source Jul 30 2013 The slightest variation in a sequence of ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

New way to create 'gradients' for understanding molecular interactions

Molecular, molecular
Scientists use tools called gradients to understand how molecules interact in biological systems Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating biomolecular gradients that is both simpler than existing techniques ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Researchers get better metrics on laser potential of key material

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed more accurate measurements of how efficiently a polymer called MEH PPV amplifies light which should advance efforts to develop a new generation of lasers and photonic devices ... - Read More

Researchers put squeeze on cells to deliver

cells, cells
Imagine being able to redirect powerful immune cells to fight cancer How about reprogramming a diabetic's skin cell into a cell that could manufacture the insulin their pancreas no longer produces Could we dial down ... - Read More

Nano scientists reach holy grail in label-free cancer marker detection: Single molecules

molecules, cancer, Nano
Just months after setting a record for detecting the smallest single virus in solution researchers at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University NYU Poly have announced a new breakthrough They used a nano enhanced ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

Non-toxic flame retardants

Materials, materials
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More

Choosing a wave could accelerate airplane maintenance

Adhesive
Ultrasonic waves can find bubbles and cracks in adhesive bonds holding airplane composite parts together and now aerospace engineers can select the best frequencies to detect adhesive failures in hard to reach places more quickly ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20-meter sea level rise, five million years ago

sea, Ice
Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More

Thin, flexible glass for energy storage

Glass
A new use for glass is being developed by researchers in Penn State's Materials Research Institute that could make future hybrid electric and plug in electric vehicles more affordable and reliable Thin and flexible glass ... - Read More

Two-in-one solution for low cost polymer LEDs and solar cells

Solution, Polymer
Considerable improvement in device performance of polymer based optoelectronic devices is reported today by researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea The new plasmonic material can be applied to both ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20 meter sea level rise, five million years ago

Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More
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