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News articles about "Engineering"

Nano scientists reach holy grail in label-free cancer marker detection: Single molecules

molecules, cancer, Nano
Just months after setting a record for detecting the smallest single virus in solution researchers at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University NYU Poly have announced a new breakthrough They used a nano enhanced ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

Non-toxic flame retardants

Materials, materials
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More

Choosing a wave could accelerate airplane maintenance

Adhesive
Ultrasonic waves can find bubbles and cracks in adhesive bonds holding airplane composite parts together and now aerospace engineers can select the best frequencies to detect adhesive failures in hard to reach places more quickly ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20-meter sea level rise, five million years ago

sea, Ice
Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More

Thin, flexible glass for energy storage

Glass
A new use for glass is being developed by researchers in Penn State's Materials Research Institute that could make future hybrid electric and plug in electric vehicles more affordable and reliable Thin and flexible glass ... - Read More

Two-in-one solution for low cost polymer LEDs and solar cells

Solution, Polymer
Considerable improvement in device performance of polymer based optoelectronic devices is reported today by researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea The new plasmonic material can be applied to both ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20 meter sea level rise, five million years ago

Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Desktop printing at the nano level

A new low cost high resolution tool is primed to revolutionize how nanotechnology is produced from the desktop according to a new study by Northwestern University researchers Currently most nanofabrication is done in multibillion dollar ... - Read More

Why crop rotation works: Change in crop species causes shift in soil microbes

Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease A new study to be published in Nature's The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Computing toxic chemicals

A new computational method for working out in advance whether a chemical will be toxic will be reporting in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics There is increasing pressure ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More

Facebook for molecules

Social media has expanded to reach an unlikely new target molecules Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have created networks of molecular data similar to Facebook's recently debuted graph search feature ... - Read More

Injectable 'smart sponge' holds promise for controlled drug delivery

Drug delivery
Researchers have developed a drug delivery technique for diabetes treatment in which a sponge like material surrounds an insulin core The sponge expands and contracts in response to blood sugar levels to release insulin as ... - Read More

A heart of gold: Gold nanofibers in engineered heart tissue can enhance electrical signalling

cells, cells
Heart tissue sustains irreparable damage in the wake of a heart attack Because cells in the heart cannot multiply and the cardiac muscle contains few stem cells the tissue is unable to repair itself it ... - Read More

Long-buried seawall protected homes from Hurricane Sandy's record storm surge

Engineering
Picture two residential beach communities on the New Jersey shore Bay Head and Mantoloking which sit side by side in Ocean County on a narrow barrier island that separates the Atlantic Ocean and Barnegat Bay ... - Read More

Finding the keys to boiling heat transfer

A team of MIT researchers has succeeded in carrying out the first systematic investigation of the factors that control boiling heat transfer from a surface to a liquid This process is crucial to the efficiency ... - Read More
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