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News articles about "Engineering"

Cold, salty and promiscuous: Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake

Gene, Gene
Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3 500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold and providing researchers ... - Read More

Engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Similar to using Python or Java to write code for a computer chemists soon could be able to use a structured set of instructions to program how DNA molecules interact in a test tube or ... - Read More

New metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels

sugars
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels The new pathway is intended to replace ... - Read More

3-D models of electrical streamers

Medical
Streamers may be great for decorating a child's party but in dielectrics they are the primary origin of electric breakdown They can cause catastrophic damage to electrical equipment harm the surrounding environment and lead to ... - Read More

Novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically-engineered microorganism

Microorganism, Gasoline
Scientists succeeded in producing 580 mg of gasoline per litre of cultured broth by converting in vivo generated fatty acid For many decades we have been relying on fossil resources to produce liquid fuels such ... - Read More

Dams provide resilience to Columbia River basin from climate change impacts

Dams have been vilified for detrimental effects to water quality and fish passage but a new study suggests that these structures provide ecological and engineering resilience to climate change in the Columbia River basin The ... - Read More

Investigating mercury pollution in Indonesia

Professor Takanobu Inoue of Toyohashi Tech's Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering has been conducting field surveys of mercury poisoning in Indonesia for over a decade His findings have serious implications and the situation is ... - Read More

Steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected

Environment
Assessing the risk posed to aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical products into waterways is often based on a belief that as the compounds degrade the ecological risks naturally decline But ... - Read More

Water glides freely across 'nanodrapes' made from the world's thinnest material

Material, Material
Engineering researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new drape made from graphene the thinnest material known to science which can enhance the water resistant properties of materials with rough surfaces These nanodrapes are ... - Read More

Methane Out, Carbon Dioxide In?

A University of Virginia engineering professor has proposed a novel approach for keeping waste carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere Andres Clarens an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at U Va ’s School ... - Read More

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Light, Light
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared IR spectrum The identification of molecules by sensing their unique ... - Read More

Nanoparticle vaccine: Particles that deliver vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces could defend against many infectious diseases

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
Many viruses and bacteria infect humans through mucosal surfaces such as those in the lungs gastrointestinal tract and reproductive tract To help fight these pathogens scientists are working on vaccines that can establish a front ... - Read More

First steps towards achieving better and cheaper biodiesel

Glycerol
Is there any connection between wine and biodiesel The answer is yes however surprising it may seem Acetals are chemical compounds found in many wines like port for example which give it a unique sweet ... - Read More

New model should expedite development of temperature-stable nano-alloys

Alloys, Nano
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new theoretical model that will speed the development of new nanomaterial alloys that retain their advantageous properties at elevated temperatures Nanoscale materials are made up of ... - Read More

New steering tech for heavy equipment saves fuel, ups efficiency

Fuel
Researchers at Purdue University have shown how to reduce fuel consumption while improving the efficiency of hydraulic steering systems in heavy construction equipment The new approach incorporates several innovations It eliminates valves now needed to ... - Read More

Non-precious metal catalysts outperforming Pt-based one

Catalysts
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER and Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a new family of non precious metal catalysts These catalysts exhibit better performance ... - Read More

Stretchable, foldable transparent electronic display created

Material, Material
Imagine an electronic display nearly as clear as a window or a curtain that illuminates a room or a smartphone screen that doubles in size stretching like rubber Now imagine all of these being made ... - Read More

New adsorbent is more effective and environmentally friendly for treating wastewater

A novel new adsorbent for removing emerging contaminants from wastewater that is more effective reusable and environmentally friendly has been developed by researchers in Temple University's Water and Environmental Technology WET Center The researchers used ... - Read More

Theory and formula to improve 'plastic' semiconductors developed

Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Plastic, Plastic
Anyone who's stuffed a smart phone in their back pocket would appreciate the convenience of electronic devices that could bend Flexible electronics could spawn new products clothing wired to cool or heat reading tablets that ... - Read More

Study Could Help Improve Nuclear Waste Repositories

developed experiments with different clays focusing on their structural characteristics Past studies of iodide retention in clay concentrated on bentonite Wang’s team instead studied several different clays five with the same type of layered structure ... - Read More
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