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News articles about "Engineering"

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

New way to create 'gradients' for understanding molecular interactions

Molecular, molecular
Scientists use tools called gradients to understand how molecules interact in biological systems Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating biomolecular gradients that is both simpler than existing techniques ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Researchers get better metrics on laser potential of key material

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed more accurate measurements of how efficiently a polymer called MEH PPV amplifies light which should advance efforts to develop a new generation of lasers and photonic devices ... - Read More

Researchers put squeeze on cells to deliver

cells, cells
Imagine being able to redirect powerful immune cells to fight cancer How about reprogramming a diabetic's skin cell into a cell that could manufacture the insulin their pancreas no longer produces Could we dial down ... - Read More

Nano scientists reach holy grail in label-free cancer marker detection: Single molecules

molecules, cancer, Nano
Just months after setting a record for detecting the smallest single virus in solution researchers at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University NYU Poly have announced a new breakthrough They used a nano enhanced ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

Non-toxic flame retardants

Materials, materials
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More

Choosing a wave could accelerate airplane maintenance

Adhesive
Ultrasonic waves can find bubbles and cracks in adhesive bonds holding airplane composite parts together and now aerospace engineers can select the best frequencies to detect adhesive failures in hard to reach places more quickly ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20-meter sea level rise, five million years ago

sea, Ice
Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More

Thin, flexible glass for energy storage

Glass
A new use for glass is being developed by researchers in Penn State's Materials Research Institute that could make future hybrid electric and plug in electric vehicles more affordable and reliable Thin and flexible glass ... - Read More

Two-in-one solution for low cost polymer LEDs and solar cells

Solution, Polymer
Considerable improvement in device performance of polymer based optoelectronic devices is reported today by researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea The new plasmonic material can be applied to both ... - Read More

Ancient ice melt unearthed in Antarctic mud: 20 meter sea level rise, five million years ago

Global warming five million years ago may have caused parts of Antarctica's large ice sheets to melt and sea levels to rise by approximately 20 metres scientists report today in the journal Nature Geoscience The ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Desktop printing at the nano level

A new low cost high resolution tool is primed to revolutionize how nanotechnology is produced from the desktop according to a new study by Northwestern University researchers Currently most nanofabrication is done in multibillion dollar ... - Read More

Why crop rotation works: Change in crop species causes shift in soil microbes

Crop rotation has been used since Roman times to improve plant nutrition and to control the spread of disease A new study to be published in Nature's The ISME Journal reveals the profound effect it ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Computing toxic chemicals

A new computational method for working out in advance whether a chemical will be toxic will be reporting in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics There is increasing pressure ... - Read More

Graphene 'onion rings' have delicious potential

Carbon, carbon
Concentric hexagons of graphene grown in a furnace at Rice University represent the first time anyone has synthesized graphene nanoribbons on metal from the bottom up atom by atom As seen under a microscope the ... - Read More
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