The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all systems evolve toward a state of maximum entropy wherein all energy is dissipated as heat and no available energy remains to do work Since the mid ... - Read More
A research team led by Prof Hiroshi M Yamamoto of the Institute for Molecular Science National Institutes of Natural Sciences has developed a novel superconducting transistor which can be switched reversibly between ON and OFF ... - Read More
Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More
A new method that creates large area patterns of three dimensional nanoshapes from metal sheets represents a potential manufacturing system to inexpensively mass produce innovations such as plasmonic metamaterials for advanced technologies The metamaterials have ... - Read More
Computer chips with superconducting circuits circuits with zero electrical resistance would be 50 to 100 times as energy efficient as today's chips an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers ... - Read More
Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More
Quantum computers have yet to materialise Ye scientists are making progress in devising suitable means of making such computers faster One such approach relies on quantum dots a kind of artificial atom easily controlled by ... - Read More
One of the hottest materials in condensed matter research today is graphene Graphene had an unlikely start it began with researchers messing around with pencil marks on paper Pencil lead is actually made of graphite ... - Read More
Researchers have developed a new heat based technique for counting and measuring the size of microscopic particles The technique is less expensive than light based techniques and can be used on a wider array of ... - Read More
Using the interaction between light and charge fluctuations in metal nanostuctures called plasmons physicist have demonstrated the capability of measuring temperature changes in very small 3 D regions of space Plasmons can be thought of ... - Read More
A soft wearable device that mimics the muscles tendons and ligaments of the lower leg could aid in the rehabilitation of patients with ankle foot disorders such as drop foot said Yong Lae Park an ... - Read More
Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could make effective transparent electrodes in certain types of photovoltaic cells Graphene a one atom thick sheet of carbon that is extremely strong and conducts electricity well is ... - Read More
Half Heusler compounds are especially suited for manufacturing thermoelectric modules Waste heat can be converted to electricity with them Researchers have manufactured the alloys for the first time in kilogram quantities More than two thirds ... - Read More
A new study demonstrates that electrical resistivity obeys a staircase like dependence on the conducting particle concentration in composite materials Composite materials are of increasing interest to physicists Typically they are made of electrically conducting ... - Read More
A team of experimental and theoretical physicists from the University of Stuttgart studied a single micrometer sized atom This atom contains tens of thousands of normal atoms in its electron orbital The interaction of electrons ... - Read More
A new environmentally friendly electronic alloy consisting of 50 aluminum atoms bound to 50 atoms of antimony may be promising for building next generation phase change memory devices which may be the data storage technology ... - Read More
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More
Diabetes patients often receive their diagnosis after a series of glucose related blood tests in hospital settings and then have to monitor their condition daily through expensive invasive methods But what if diabetes could be ... - Read More
A German French research team has constructed a new model that explains how the so called pseudogap state forms in high temperature superconductors The calculations predict two coexisting electron orders Below a certain temperature superconductors ... - Read More
Ulsan National Institute of Science & amp Technology UNIST has demonstrated that a live rabbit could wear contact lenses fitted with inorganic light emitting diode with no side effects This new class of hybrid transparent ... - Read More
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